MILTIADES, mll-tl'a-dez, Athenian gen eral: d. 489 B.c. He was a descendant of the Philaides and, after being archon at Athens in 524, inherited a minor principality in the Chersonesus in 518. He governed well there; accompanied Darius against the Scythians in 515, and being left at the bridge across the Danube urged its destruction in order that Greece might thus be rid of a possible Persian enemy. This plan was vetoed by Histiteus, an other Greek tyrant. In 493 he left his kingdom for fear of the Persians, and upon their in vasion of Greece in 490 became one of the 10 generals of the Athenian army. Each of the other generals retired in Miltiades' favor, but he refused to lead the army until his own day of command came. Then he won the great battle of Marathon, routing the Persian land forces. The victorious general in the next year asked the state of Athens for a fleet of 70 ships, got his request, but did not explain that he wished to punish the people of Paros from motives of private revenge, and, when his ex pedition failed and its purpose became known, he was impeached, fined 50 talents and impris oned for lack of ability to pay. He died in
prison of a wound received at Paros.
Saint, also called MEL CHIADES, Pope or bishop of Rome from 2 July 310 to 10 or 11 Jan. 314. He is best known as having sat as presiding at a synod held at Rome in 313, by desire of the Emperor Constantine, to hear a petition from the Tradi tones or Catholics in North Africa who had, on demand of the Emperor Diocletian, given up their sacred books and thus, in the opinion of those who resisted the demand, forfeited the rights and privileges of Church membership. The action of the Traditones split the Churd into two bitter factions, a condition that was not suppressed until several synods and other courts, of which the Roman synod was one, had effectually quelched the movement by deny ing the pleas of the Traditones on every occa sion. Nothing is known of the early history of Miltiades, except that he was born in Africa, and the date of his death is uncertain.