Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 19 >> Military Surgery to Minnesota >> Milton

Milton

blue, hill, public and town

MILTON, Mass., town in Norfolk County, seven miles south of Boston, on the Neponset River and the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad. Milton is an attractive and wealthy residential suburb of Boston, valued in 1914 at $31,602,839 and occupy ing about 13 square miles. A portion of the Blue Hills 'belongs to Milton. On Great Blue Hill (625 feet) fires were kindled on the news of the repeal of the Stamp Act; of the adop tion of the Declaration of Independence; and on the surrender of Burgoyne and Cornwallis. Beacon fires burned here during the Revolu tionary War. At an early date an observatory for tourists was erected on Great Blue Hill and in 1885 the Blue Hill Observatory for meteorological investigations was established by Abbott Lawrence Rotch (1861), who made im portant investigations regarding clouds. Milton Academy was founded in 1798 and a public library was opened in 1871. Milton owns two granite quarries and two public parks: Cun ningham Park and Hutchinson Field, the latter on a portion of the estate of Thomas Hutchin son, a colonial governor of Massachusetts. Mil ton was settled in 1640. It was originally a part of Dorchester and was called Uncataqui sett. The town was separated in 1662 and in corporated. It owes its name either to Milton Abbey, Dorset, from which members of the Tucker family emigrated, or to the number of mills established here — Mill Town. It was the

residence of two colonial governors— Jonathan Belcher and Thomas Hutchinson. In 1712 the Blue Hill lands were divided between Milton and Braintree. In 1868 part of Milton was given to the new township of Hyde Park Milton now includes the village of East Mil ton, Lower Mills and Mattapan. Milton was brought into political importance during the early days of the Revolution by the passage of the famous °Suffolk These bold resolutions were passed on 9 Sept. 1774, at a meeting of the citizens held in the house of Daniel Vose, these men having adjourned from Dedham. The •Suffolk declared that a sovereign who breaks his contract with his subjects forfeits their allegiance; that the re pressive measures of Parliament were uncon stitutional; that tax-collectors should not pay over money to the royal treasury; that the towns should choose public officers from the patriot party; that they would obey the Conti nental Congress; that they favored a provincial congress; that they would seize Crown offi cers as hostages for any political prisoners arrested by the governor; and they recom mended that all persons in the colony should abstain from lawlessness. Consult Teete, A. K., (History of Milton, Mass.' (Milton 1887).