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MINNEAPOLIS, the county-seat of Hen nepin County and the metropolis of Minnesota, situated at the Falls of Saint Anthony, on the Mississippi River. On the east the city is con tiguous to Saint Paul for half its length the two being known as the Twin Cities. Vin neapolis lies on both banks of the river which crosses it diagonally from northwest to south east. Passing just above the falls Hennepin avenue divides the portion of the city on the west bank into North and South Minneapolis, and the portion on the east bank into Northeast and Southeast Minneapolis. Nicollet avenue, branching off from Hennepin a block west of the river, runs southwest for a mile and then south to the city limits. Both of these two avenues are broad and well developed, and Nicollet is clear of street-car tracks. Crossing these avenues are numbered streets and Wash ington avenue, which make the business dis trict. The river is crossed by seven railroads and nine highway bridges, the finest of which is at Third avenue south, a beautiful structure of concrete costing $3,000,000. From the Falls of Saint Anthony south to the city limits the river runs between banks over 100 feet high covered with a great variety of trees and shrubs that present a very picturesque appearance. The total area of the city is 53 square miles.

Manufacturing and Commerce.— Minne apolis was founded by men who sought to util ize the power of Saint Anthony Falls for mill ing. The lumber industry, at first of prime importance, gave its place to flour milling upon the introduction of patent devices that made it possible to manufacture flour quickly and cheaply; and this industry has increased its importance until it produces nearly $200,000,000 annually, making Minneapolis the chief flour milling city in the world. The annual output is over 17,000,000 barrels. By its situation near the great American grain fields the city has be come the greatest primary wheat market in the world, its elevators having a capacity of 52, 500,000 bushels. In 1917, 181,898,480 bushels of grain were received by the mills and elevators of the city. The second industry of import ance is the manufacture of machinery, espe cially of gas tractors and other farm imple ments. This industry with allied iron and foundry work amounts to $25,000,000 annually. The city is the shop headquarters of three rail roads, the Chicago, Milwaukee and Saint Paul, the Minneapolis and Saint Louis and the Soo Line. The third industry is that of lumber, with sash and door manufacturing, cooperage and other woodworking crafts. Although the

city does not now rank high as a lumber mill ing centre, it is still first in sash making; and on account of its early pre-eminence it re mains the chief blather market in the United States, being the meeting ground of Eastern buyers and representatives of the great coast companies. The fact that Minnesota still leads in the. manufacture of white pine lumber and contains numerous wood-pulp plants besides cutting 500,000,000 feet of various kinds of lumber annually also contributes largely to the importance of Minneapolis as a lumber centre. The total value of the annual woodworking product is $12,000,000. The fourth industry is the making of linseed-oil and meal. This has grown rapidly during the last decade until it produces $12,000,000 annually. The proximity of Minneapolis to the flax fields of Minnesota and the Dakotas, makes it the natural centre of this trade. Besides these activities there is a diversification of manufacturing that has stead ily increased during the past decade — food products of many kinds, including bakery goods, ice cream and confectionery, clothing, especially knit goods and laborers' wear, blank-books and other publishers' products and a wide variety of articles used in the construction of buildings, bridges, elevators, automobiles and electrical machinery. In fact the outstanding feature in the history of manufacturing in Minneapolis is the growing diversity of industry. In 1890 there were in the city 384 firms producing an annual value of $78,617,170, of which $39,000,000 was reported by the flour and lumber indus tries. In 1917 there were 1,512 firms producing $275,000,000, of which $200,000,000 was the value of flour and lumber. During the past 10 years the value of Minneapolis manufacturing has increased 55 per cent, and the city has be come the 14th in rank of manufacturing in the United States. With Saint Paul, Minneapolis shares in a jobbing and wholesale trade that covers a very large territory, including Wis consin, Iowa, North and South Dakota, Mon tana, Wyoming and Canada. Considerable business from the Pacific coast comes to the Twin Cities. In 1917 for Minneapolis alone this wholesale and jobbing trade amounted to over $300,000,000. Besides general merchandise this business includes drugs, hardware, machinery, building material, lumber, paper and automo biles.

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