ARSENAL, a magazine, or place appointed for the making, repairing, keeping and issuing of ordnance and other appliances required in warfare, whether in the army or navy. Some times the name is applied to an establishment where such articles are kept in store only, but the chief arsenals also embrace large factories or workshops. The principal arsenals of the United States are those in Allegheny, Pa.; Augusta, Ga.; Benicia, Cal. ; Columbia, Tenn.; Fort Monroe, Va.; Frankford, Pa.; Indianapo lis, Ind.; Augusta Me.; New York, N. Y.; Rock Island, Ill.; San Antonio, Tex.; Water town, Mass., and Watervliet, N. Y. There are also powder depots at Saint Louis, Mo., and Dover, N. J., a noted armory at Springfield, Mass., an ordnance proving ground at Sandy Hook, N. J. The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, England, which manufactures warlike imple ments and stores for the army and navy, was formed about 1720. In France, each territorial military district (19 in all, including Algeria) has its own special arsenal or its own depot of war material. In continental Europe estab
lishments corresponding to our navy yards are included under the general term arsenal, such as are found in France at Cherbourg, Brest, Lorient, Rochefort and Toulon. The chief arsenals of Germany are situated at Spandau, Cologne and Dantzig, that at the first-mentioned place being the great centre of the military manufactories. The chief Austrian arsenal is the immense establishment at Vienna, which includes gun-factory, laboratory, small-arms and carriage factories, etc. Austria also pur chases quantities of her military stores from private manufacturers. Russia has her prin cipal arsenal at Petrograd with supplementary arsenals elsewhere. In Italy, Turin is the centre of the military factories. One of the most important naval arsenals on the Mediter ranean is at Cartagena, Spain.