PUSSY, Edward Bouverie, English scholar and theologian: b. near Oxford, 22 Aug. 1800; d. Ascot Priory, Berkshire, 16 Sept. 1882. He was a son of the Hon. Philip Bouverie (of the Radnor family), who assumed the name of Pusey by royal license on becoming lord of the manor of that name in Berkshire. He was edu cated at Eton and Oxford University, where he was graduated with first class honors. Soon after he was elected to a fellowship at Oriel College. He studied for two years in Germany, taking up more especially Oriental languages, theology and German, and in 1828 was ap pointed regius professor of Hebrew, a post which he retained all his life, and to which a canonry at Christ Church is attached. In 1826 he had published a book summarizing the prog ress of German theological thought since the Reformation, expounding the rationalistic views regarding religion which were common in Ger many, his account .of which was founded on his own personal experience of what he be lieved to he the evils of Rationalism. He be came through the influence of his friends Hurrel, Froude and Newman an ally of the theological party who started the Tracts for the Times (see TRACTARIANISM), but the agita tion had been going on a little time before he took an active part in it. His first tract was the 18th, 'On the Benefit of Fasting' ; he sub sequently wrote another (the 66th) on the same subject, and two (the 67th and 69th) (On Holy Baptism.' In connection with the same High Church movement he undertook the joint editorship of the (Library of the Fathers' and the of Anglo-Catholic Theology.) In
1843 he was suspended from preaching in the university pulpit for three years on account of a sermon on the Eucharist, in which he advo cated the doctrines of the real presence, sacer dotal absolution and of the duty and privilege of confession. Except for literary labors and occasional sermons, Dr. Pusey's life was hence forward an uneventful one. Among his chief works are a treatise on 'The Ancient Doctrine of the Real Presence> ; 'Letters to the Arch bishop of Canterbury in Defence of Church a treatise on with a Deceased Wife's Sister); a of the Councils of the Church; (1857) ; a learned on the Minor Prophets) (1860 77), an important contribution to Hebrew scholarship. Nine lectures on the Prophet' (1864), and (The Church of England, or Portion of Christ's Holy Catholic Church: an Eirenicon' (1865). As a leader of the Trac tarian or High Church party he kept a large section of that party from drifting into the Catholic Church and remained unshaken in his fidelity to the church of his baptism. On this ground, the party received the popular name of Puseyttes. Pusey House, containing his library, was founded and endowed as a me morial to continue the tradition of his teaching. Consult Liddon, of Edward Bouverie Pusey> (5 vols., 1893-99) ; Grafton, and the Church Revival' (1902) ; Rigg, J., (Charac ter and Life-Work of Dr. Pusey> (1883) ; Savile, B, W., (Dr. Pusey, an Historic Sketch, with Some Account of the Oxford Movement) (1883).