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PYNCHON, William, American colonist and religious writer: b. Springfield, Essex, England, 1590; d. Wraysbury, England, 29 Oct. 1662. He was a man of education, one of the grantees of the Massachusetts charter and came to America with Gov. John Winthrop in 1630. He held various offices in the colony, from 1632 to 1634 acting as treasurer. He first settled at Roxbury as one of the founders of the village and organizers of the church, but withdrew in 1736 with the company led by Rev. Thomas Hooker and Rev. Samuel Stone southward into Connecticut. Pynchon with his family and a small party settled at the junction of the Agawam and Connecticut rivers and founded the town, now the city of Springfield. For several years this place was included in the Connecticut colony and Pynchon sat in its legislature, but in 1641, under Pyn chon's influence, the Massachusetts court as sumed jurisdiction. In 1650, during a visit to England, Pynchon published a book entitled 'The Meritorious Price of our Redemption.'

In this the author took an anti-Calvinistic view of the atonement and so stirred up the colonists that the book was ordered to be burnt and the author cited to appear before the general court. His letter of explanation was deemed unsatis factory and after being summoned a second time he left the colony in September 1652 and returned to England. He passed the remainder of his life at Wraysbury, near Windsor. His earlier book was republished with a rejoinder to the Rev. J. Norton, as 'The Meritorious Price of Man's Redemption' (1655). He also wrote (Jews Synagogue> (1652) 'How the first Sabbath was ordained> (1654) 'Covenant of Nature made with Adam' (1662). Consult Green, 'Springfield, 1636-1886: History of Town and City' (1:::) ; Adams, 'Pynchon Family' (1898).