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latin, alphabet, ancient and words

PYXIE. Thepyxie, or flowering moss (Pyxidanthera barbidata), is one of the most beautiful and early-flowering plants of the moist, sandy, pine-barren regions of New Jer sey and North Carolina. It is found only in certain localities even in this restricted district, but is abundant in its chosen haunts, blooming in April. The pyxie belongs to the Diopensia family, very closely related to the heather tribe, and is a small, evergreen, shrubby plant, lying, cushion-like, flat on the sand, and having long, tapering branches trailing in all directions. The small, rigid, pointed leaves are tinged with red at blossoming time and are very numerous, but are nearly hidden by the profusion of waxen, symmetrical, five-lobed flowers, coral-tinted in the bud, creamy white when open. The twin anther-cells of the five anthers are globose and transversely valved, whence the Greek generic name, meaning box-anther.

17th letter of the English, Latin and other alphabets of western Europe. As in Latin so in English it is always followed by the vowel u: as in English so probably in ancient Latin qu was equal to cu or kw: q is, therefore, a superflous letter, and has no place in a tific alphabet, save as standing for some sound i differing from that of k: in A. J. Ellis's palzotype alphabet q stands for nasal ng. Some of the ancient Latin grammarians regarded Q as a contracted form of CV (that is cu) ; but others, and with them modern philologists, recognize in Q a modified form of the koppa of early Greek 9, derived fro mthe Phoenician alphabet. (See ALPHABET). This character

occurs in very ancient Latin inscriptions; but later the down stroke was written aslant, Q, whence the form Q. Q was not employed in Anglo-Saxon writing, being used instead: cwin, queen; cwellan, to quell; nor was it used in early German writing, except for words bor rowed from Latin; but afterward words of native Germanic origin were spelled with q: quiilen, to torment; quer, athwart.

In some systems for the transliteration of the semitic languages Q is used for the Hebrew p, Arabic 9. The sound Qu in Germanic Ian-. guages is cognate with what appears to be an tinlabialized guttural in the mother tongue of the Indo-Europeans. The labialized guttural Q is often related 'to pure labial•sounds: thus the Latin quattuor, "form,* corresponds to the Oscan petora. In words borrowed from the French, such as coquette, pronounced as a simple k. Q stands for ntus," Q. E. D. for Lat. quod erat demonstrandum, "which was to be proved); Q. E. F. for quod erat dum, "which was to be done'; qr. for "quire' or "quarter"; qt. for "quart"; q.v. for Lat. quod vide, "which see; q.d. for Lat. quasi dictum, 'as if Q. C. for 'Queen's Counsel' QUA (kwa) BIRD. See HERONS.