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zebra, horse and africa

QUAGGA, kwig'4, a species of the horse (Equus quagga), nearly allied to the zebras, formerly found on the plains of southern Africa, but now quite extinct. It was striped like the zebra, but did not possess bands on the limbs. The color was dark brown on the head, neck and shoulders, the back and hind quarters being lighter, while the croup was russet gray. The under parts of the were white, the upper parts of the legs and tail being marked by whitish bars. The quagga was smaller than the zebra, and bore a closer resemblance to the horse. The ears were short, the head being relatively small. The tail was tufted. These animals• were gregarious, the herds which in habited the ICaffrarian plains numbering each several hundreds of individuals, which would mingle with the zebra herds. The quagga was active, nimble and elegant in its movements. The Bushmen and Kaffirs esteemed the flesh as good palatable food, and these animals were on the same account unremittingly pursued by the lion. It was tamed without much difficulty, but domestication apparently altered its disposition and rendered it dull and less active in habits.

The Dutch colonists were said to be in the habit of keeping quaggas along with their cattle which the quaggas defended from the attack of hymnas and other carnivora by trampling on the invaders and otherwise injuring them. The quagga bred with the common horse, and a mixed race of this kind, .possessing great beauty of form, and retaining in a large degree the characteristic markings of the quagga, is said to have existed in England at one time. The name "quagga) was derived from the cry of the animal, which may most nearly be ex pressed by the word The animal has received a variety of names from authors : thus Pennant terms it the quacha, and ivfasson the opeagha. Consult Bryden, 'Nature and Sport in South Africa' (1897), and early writers on South Africa, especially Harris, Lichtenstein and Gordon-Cumming.