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published, revolution, lyons and life

QUINT, ke-na, Edgar, French litterateur: b. Bourg, 17 Feb. 1803; d. Versailles, 27 March 1875. He was educated at the schools of Charolles and Bourg and the Lye& of Lyons. His first publication was (Tablettes du Juif Errant> (1823), an apology for his abandon ing the military career which had been planned for him. A visit to Germany introduced him to Herder's (Philosophy of the History of Hu manity,' which interested him profoundly and gave direction to his life studies. He published a translation with an introductory essay in 1827. Living at Strassburg he met Victor Cousin and Jules Michelet, the latter of whom became his closest friend. In 1829 he was chosen by the French Academy to go to the Morea as philol ogist attached to a commission of savants, and on his return in 1830 published (De la Grece moderne et de ses rapports avec l'antiquite.' His republican sympathies were stirred by the revolution in July and his feelings gained ex in political pamphlets. He wrote a remarkable prose poem (Ahasuerus> (1833) and later two other epics, (Napoleon> (1836) and (Promethee> (1838). His purpose in these three was to represent humanity as general, in dividual and religious —Ahasuerus, the race; Napoleon, the individual and Prometheus, the martyr. In 1838 he published a reply to Strauss' (Life of Jesus' ; the next year was appointed professor of foreign literature at Lyons and in 1841 became professor of southern literature in the College of France. His Lyons lectures were

published under the titles, des Religions> (1842) and christianisire et la Revolution Frangaise.> His lectures delivered at the Col lege of France attacking the Jesuits so aroused public feeling that the government closed his class-room in 1846. His republican opinions be came so pronounced and his expression so out spoken that after the coup d'etat of Louis Na poleon in 1851 he was banished from France. His exile, which lasted until after the fall of the empire in 1870, was fruitful in such works as (Marnix de Saint-Aldegonde> (1856) ; (L'histoire de mes idees) (1858) ; (Merlin I'enchanteur> (1860) and the (Revolution fran caise' (1865). Re-established in Paris, he was elected to the Chamber ,of Deputies and voted consistently against all monarchial reaction and for the secularization of laws. His last work, (L'esprit nouveau' (1874), contains an ex pression of his social, political and intellectual creed. His complete works were published in 30 Vols. (1877-82). Consult his (Lewes d'exil> (1884) ; (Edward Quinet depuis (a biography by his widow, 1888-89) ; Heath, (Edgar Quinet: His Early Life and Writings' (1881).