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Quintilianus

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QUINTILIANUS, kwin-t/1-1-a'nt'is, Mar ens Fabius, Roman rhetorician: b. Calagurris (Calahorra), Spain, about 40 A.D. ; d. about 118. He was educated at Rome, where he studied under Domitius Afer, and about 69 began to practise as an advocate. Subsequently he be came a teacher of rhetoric, and had Pliny the Younger and the two grandnephews of Domi tian as pupils. Domitian bestowed on him the consular rank, and under the endowment of Vespasian he was the first public instructor to be paid from the imperial treasury. His first important treatise, (12 vols.), was written about 93, and embraces a statement of his theory of education together with a discus sion of the principles, scope and (natter of oratory; also its manner under the general term style. (See INSTITUTES OF ORATORY). The best editions of Quintilian are those of Bur mann (Leyden 1720), Capperonier (Paris 1725), Gesner (Gottingen 1738), Spalding and Zumpt (Leipzig 1798-1829) and Halm (1868 69). There are also special editions of the 10th

book, among which are those of Bonnell (1851), Kruger (3d ed. 1888), Peterson (1891); this book criticizes Greek and Latin literature, from the point of view of the orator, and its useful ness in forming a vocabulary. The work as a whole is remarkable for its perspicuity and well balanced judgment, as well as for the beauty of its graceful diction. From the 15th century, when the manuscript was first discovered, Quintilian was considered the standard author ity on classical education throughout the Re naissance period in Europe. The effect of his system is still recognizable in the curricula of classical schools. Consult Schanz, AL, (Geschichte der romischen Literatur> (Munich 1913) ; Woodward, T. H., (Education During the Age of the Renaissance> (Cambridge 1906).