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painter, rome, naples and soldiers

ROSA, rO'sa, Salvatore or Salvator, Ital ian painter: b. Renella, near Naples, 20 June 1615; d. Rome, 15 March 1673. His eldest sister having married Francesco Fracanzano, a painter, Salvator from him acquired a taste for art. He then became a pupil of Falcone and Ribera (q.v.); but his taste was formed by the study of nature among the wilds of the Apennines rather than by other artists. During one of his rambles in the Abruzzi he was seized by brigands with whom he is said to have asso ciated for some time, but left them at last and went to Naples, where he worked in such want that he was often obliged to sell his pictures to the meanest hucksters and for a pittance. At last one of his pictures was observed by the painter Lanfranco who recommended Salvator to notice, and procured him patronage. He re moved to Rome, where he established his repu tation. In 1647, when the revolt under Ma saniello occurred, he joined La Compagnia della Mora, which Falcone commanded, and on the defeat of the cause he returned to Rome, where he was not, however, permitted to remain. He went to Florence, where he was patronized and employed by the grand duke and other members of the family of Medici. At length, returning to Rome on the death of his enemies, he painted many pictures for the churches in that city. His great ambition was to be a famous historical painter, but he is actually best known as a painter of landscapes and battles. His land

scapes present wild and desolate scenery, with rocks rising like towers; broken, splintered tree trunks waving their leafless arms; storm and lightning convulsing the heavens. The figures introduced are of bandits, soldiers or witches. Among his extant works are metheus,' (Belisarius,' 'Saint Roche Wounded,' some landscapes and battle-scenes, in Rome;