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Rump Parliament

house, army, cromwell and steam

RUMP PARLIAMENT, in English his tory a name by which the remnant of the Long Parliament was known after the expulsion of the majority of its members by the army of Cromwell, 6 Dec. 1648, until the latter's recon vention after Cromwell's death. It having been decided by a majority of the House of Com mons that the concessions made to Charles I in the Treaty of Newport were a ground of set dement, Oliver Cromwell, who wished for the condemnation of the king, despatched two regi meats under the command of Colonel Pride to coerce the House. In discharge of the resolu tion of the army that unone might be permitted to pass into the House but such as continued faithful to the public interests,'" Colonel Pride, whose regiment was stationed so as to blodc all the entrances to the House of Commons, furnished himself with a list of the names of the members against whom the sentence of exclusion was passed, and as each approached prohibited him from entering. Forty-one mem bers were placed under temporary restraint and 160 ordered to their homes. Only 60 were ad mitted, all violent Independents, and these con stituted the grump"' after the clearance wrought by Purge,D as it is called. This as sembly, in conjunction with the army, brought about the arraignment, trial and condemnation of Charles I. It was forcibly dissolved by

Cromwell, 20 April 1653, for pres to make a stand against certain s of the army. Twice after this it was reinstated, but both times only for a brief period. In the latter instance, 21 Feb. 1660, the expelled members were restored, it was again known as the Long Parliament and on 16 March 1660, solemnly de creed its own dissolution.

RUMSEY,James, American ventor: b. Bohemia Manor, Cecil County, Md., 1743; d. London, England, 23 Dec. 1792. He was a mechanical engineer, and while en gaged as the superintendent of a mill in Shep herdstown, Va., conceived plans for the applica tion of steam to marine propulsion. In 1786, 21 years before Fulton constructed the Cler mont, he exhibited a boat upon the Potomac which was propelled by means of a steam pump which forced a stream of water from the stern. The Rumsey Society, in which Benjamin Franklin was interested, was established in Philadelphia in 1788, and later an organiza tion of the same name in England, to further his invention, but he died while his experiments were incomplete. He wrote (A Short Treatise on the Application of Steam> (1788).