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Austria

schools, trade and industrial

AUSTRIA.

The Austrian government has developed an exceptionally logical system of trade instruction for both sexes. The legislation in regard to fostering handicrafts has been similar to that taking place in Germany and has had a great effect on the development of trade training. The schools of all grades are carefully classi fied and grouped. The elementary education for trade is given in schools for particular trades and in the industrial continuation schools.

Another group, known as the Central Indus trial Educational Institutions, which are most of them in Vienna, have for their function the promotion of industrial education and to serve as models for other schools of the empire. Some of these schools offer both a lower and a higher trade education in connection with their other important lines of investigation.

The Schools for Particular Trades are very numerous. There were about 100 state schools and more than half that number of pri vate or state subscribed schools in the report of 1899. Important examples of this class are the

schools for lace work and hand and machine embroidery in Dombirn and Laybach; for weav ing in Reichenberg, Vienna, Schonberg and Warnsdorf ; for wood, iron and stone work in Bergreichenstein, Bozen, Chrudim, Bruck aus der Mur and Laas; for earthenware and glass work at Teplitz and Oberlentensdorf ; for metal work in Klagenfurth, Swiatniki and Nixdorf and for other trades in Gablonz, Turnau and Karlstein.

The Industrial and Trade Continuation Schools are also extensively developed and are similar to the German ones of the same name. They have reached their highest development in Vienna. A great central school enrolls about 8,000 pupils. The school is open for 10 months, six days a week. The work is com pulsory for four years for both sexes. A watch and clock making all-day school is in the same building.