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Sir Temple

life, swift, william and history

TEMPLE, SIR William, English states man: b. London, 1628; d. Moor Park, Surrey, 27 Jan. i699. He was educated at spent six years on the Continent and returning in 1654, and .not choosing to accept any office under Cromwell, occupied himself in the study of history and philosophy. On the Restora tion he was chosen a member of the Irish con vention, and in 1661 was returned for the county of Carlow. The following year he was nominated one of the commissioners from the Irish Parliament to the king, and removed to London. On the breaking out of the Dutch War, he was employed in a secret mission to the bishop of Miinster which he executed so Finch to the satisfaction of the ministers that in the following year he was appointed resident at Brussels, and received a baronetcy. With De Witt he concluded the treaty between Eng land, Holland and Sweden (February 1668), with a view to oblige France to restore her conquests in the Netherlands. He also at tended, as Ambassador Extraordinary, when peace was concluded between France and Spain at Aix-la-Chapelle, and subsequently residing at The Hague as Ambassador, enjoyed the friendship of De Witt, and also of the Prince of Orange, afterward William III. A change of politics led to the recall of Temple in 1671, who, refusing to assist in the intended breach with Holland, retired from public business, and employed himself in writing his tions on the United Provinces,' and part of his (Miscellanies.' In 1674 Temple was again

Ambassador to the States-General, in order to negotiate a general pacification. Previously to its termination in the Treaty of Nimeguen (in 1678), he was instrumental in promoting the marriage of the Prince of Orange with Mary, eldest daughter of the Duke of York, which took place in 1677. In 1679 he was recalled from The Hague, and shortly afterward was elected to represent the University of Cam bridge in Parliament. In 1681 he retired from public life altogether. He was on friendly terms with William III who occasionally visited him. (For his relations with Swift see SWIFT, JONATHAN). His are import ant as regards the history of the times, as are likewise his (Letters,' published by Swift after his death. His (Miscellanies' consist of essays on various subjects: 'The Cure of the Gout,' 'Ancient and Modern Learning' (which provoked much controversy at the time), 'Health and Long Life,' 'Different Conditions of Life and Fortune,' tion to the History of England,' and Translations,' etc. Consult Courtenay, 'Life of Temple' (1836); Macaulay's (Essay' and For ster, 'Life of Swift> (Vol. I, 1875).