Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 26 >> Sunstroke to Switzerland >> Superior


saint, government and county

SUPERIOR, Wis., city, port of entry, county seat of Douglas County, on Lake Superior, and on the Northern Pacific, the Chicago Saint Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha, the buluth, South Shore and Atlantic, the Great Northern, the Minneapolis, Saint Paul, and Sault Sainte Marie, the Chicago, Milwaukee and Saint Paul and the Chicago and Northwestern railroads opposite Duluth. It shares with Duluth the commercial advantage of being the extreme western port of the Great Lake system of the United States. It has three connecting harbors, well sheltered and deep, making a combined length of 13 miles, with an extreme width of three miles. The city comprises the ports known as East, West, South and Old Superior. The climate is cool in summer and cold in winter. The chief manufacturing establish ments are flour and lumber mills, iron and steel works, boiler works, windmill, factories, ship yards, bag factories, tractor factories, cooper age, chair factory, wagon and carriage works. Lath, shingles and other lumber products are also manufactured. It has also shipyards, coal docks capable of receiving 6,370,000 tons of coal, large grain elevators, a large dry-dock and a number of wholesale merchandise establish ments. The . government census gives the

amount of capital invested in industries $7,050, 000 and the annual value of the products $11, 663,000. There is an extensive lake trade, and railroads furnish transportation for products sent to the interior. The principal public buildings are the government building, county courthouse, municipal buildings, Saint Francis Hospital, Saint Mary's Hospital, Women's Christian Temperance Union Hospital, national and State banks, several business blocks and hotels. The educational institutions are a State normal school, the Finnish University, two busi ness colleges, two high schools, public and parish schools and two public libraries. The commission form of government is in opera tion. The port's foreign trade has become ex tensive in recent years, having now an annual volume of about $1,500,000, of which 80 per cent is in exports. The city's annual expendi ture on various municipal activities is about $550,000, of which $200,000 is expended on schools, $100,000 on fire protection and $60,000 for police. Pop. about 62,500.