TAFT, Lorado, American sculptor: b. Elm wood, Ill., 29 April 1860. Of English ancestry, settled about 1679 in Mendon now a part of 'Uxbridge, Mass., his father was Don Carlos Taft, professor of geology, University of Illinois (1872-82), later banker in Hanover, Kan. He graduated B.S. 1879, and M.L. 1880 at the University of Illinois; and studied at the ficole des Beaux Arts, Paris (1880-83). He opened a studio in Chicago in January 1886; from 1886-1907 was instructor and since lecturer at the Art Institute of Chicago Uni versity, extension lecturer 'University of Chicago (1892-1902) and since 1902 professional lecturer on the history of art. He won the designer's medal at the Columbian Exposition, Chicago (1893); silver medal, Pan-American Exposi tion, Buffalo (1901); gold medal, Saiat Louis Exposition (1904); silver medal, Panazna Pacific Exposition (1915). His work and lectures exercised a wide influence and in 1913 he received the honorary L.H.D. degree from
Northwestern University.. He is the author of (The History of American Sculpture) (New York 1903), and of (Sculpture of the Nineteenth Century) (1919) in the encyclopedia. Among his notable worlcs are (Sleep of the Flowers); 'Awakening of the Flower); Decoration of Horticultural Building, Columbian Exposition; (The Eternal Silence,' Graceland CemeterT, Chicago; (Solitude of the Soul,' Art Insti tute, Chicago; (Blackhawk,) Oregon, Ill.; (Washingtond Seattle, Wash.; 'Paducah,' Paducah, Ky.; (Trotter Memorial Fountain,' Bloomington, Ill.; 'Columbus Memorial Foun tain,) Washington, D. C.; Ferguson, 'Fountain of the Great Lakes,' Grant Park, Chicago; Ogle County (Soldiers' Monument,) Oregnn, Ill.; James Whitcomb Riley medal; 'The Fountain of Time,' Chicago; Thatcher Memorial Fountain, Denver, Col.; (Alma Mater' for University of Illinois.