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church, appointed and college

TAIT, tat, Archibald Campbell, English prelate, archbishop of Canterbury: b. Edin burgh, 21 Dec. 1811; d. Addington, 1 Dec. 1882. Brought up a Presbyterian, he received his education in the schools of his native city. He entered the University of Glasgow in 1827, and having gained a Snell exhibition he matric ulated at Balliol College, Oxford, in 1830, be coming about the same time a member of the Church of England. He was graduated with a first in classics in 1833, elected a Fellow of his college in the following year, ordained in 1836, and was active as tutor of Balliol for seven years. While several of his intimate friends joined the Tractarian movement, he himself kept aloof from it, and joined in the protest against Tract XC. He succeeded Dr. Arnold in the headmastership of Rigby School in 1842, and retained this post till 1850, when he was appointed dean of Carlisle. He took an active part in the work of university reform at Ox ford, and in 1856 he was appointed to the see of London. He declined the archbishopric of

York in 1862, and in 1869 was appointed arch bishop of Canterbury. He at first opposed the bill for the disestablishment of the Irish Church, but on being appealed to personally by the Queen he accepted the inevitable. He was also instrumental in securing the enactment of the Public Worship Regulation Act of 1874. His mind was of a calm statesmanlike cast, and he acted with coolness and dignity in the criti cal events of his time, such as the Essays and •Reviews controversy, the Colenso case and the legal prosecution of Ritualists. He was looked upon by the High Church party as a mere Eras tian; they accused him of unfairness, but in his latter days he vindicated his sincerity in professing charitable tolerance with unmistak able clearness. Consult Davidson and Ben ham, 'Life of Archibald Campbell Tait' (1891); Dangin, 'English Catholic Revival in the XIXth Century' (London 1914).