TALLIEN, Jean Lambert, zhon French revolutionist: b.Paris, 1769; d. tkere, 16 Nov. 1820. He first made himself . widely known by publishing a revolutionary )ournal callethelmi Citoyen. He soon became une of the most popular men of the revolu tionary party, and was concerned in the commo nons of 10 Aug. 1792. Nominated a deputy to the Convention from the department of Seine and Oise, he distinguished himself in that body bY his violence in the process against Louis XVI, even objecting to the king's being allowed counsel to defend hirn. He took part in most of the sanguinary proceedings which occurred during the ascendency of Robespierre, and in 1794 was sent on a mission to Bordeaux. Here he was checked in his sanguinary career by the influence of Madame de Fontenay, a woman re markable for her beauty, who, having been im Plumed at Bordeaux as she was going to join her family in Spain, owed her life to Tallien. He took her with him to Paris, whither he wait to defend himself before the Convention against the charge of moderation. After the fall of Danton and his party, Tallien perceived that he should become one of the next vic tuns of Robespierre if he did not strilce the first blow. Accordingly, at the sitting of the Con
vention of the 9th of Thermidor (27 July 1794) he vehemently assailed Robespierre, and it was mainly by his influence that the latter with his friends was brought to the guillotine. At this period he married his protegee, Madame de Fontenay. Having been nominated a member of the committee of public safety, he used all his influence against his former associates, Fou quier-Tinville, Carrier, Lebon, etc,' and dc manded the suppression of all the revolution ary conunittees. In 1795 he was sent as com mi.ssioner of the Convention to the Army of Hoche in Brittany. He subsequently became a member of the Council of Five Hundred, but his influence gradually declined. In 1798 he ac companied Bonaparte's Egyptian expedition. The vessel in which he sailed to return to France was captured by the British, and he was taken to London. On finally reaching France he found his. importance altogether gone, and was glad to accept the office of French consul at Alicante. The last five years of his life were spent in poverty in Paris.