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TARDIEU, fir'dye, Andre Pierre Ga briel Arnedee, French publicist and administra tor: b. 22 Sept. 1876. He passed out first in his year from the Ecole Normale and entered the diplomatic service, being attached to the French embassy in Berlin in 1897. He served a while in the Foreign Office and as secretary in the presidency of the Council of Ministers 1899 1902. He was editor of the Revue des Deux Mondes and became foreign editor of the Temps. He paid a visit to the United States in 1908 and recorded his impressions of that country in a book, 'Notes sur les Etats-Unis' (Paris 1908). Of President Roosevelt, whom he interviewed, he wrote then, *What particu larly characterizes his policy is its essential and emphatic Americanism,* an estimate corrobo rated by all Americans on the death of that statesman 11 years later. M. Tardieu entered politics in the general election preceding the out break of the war. He was made chief censor, a post he soon left for active service in the trenches. Incapacitated by a severe attack of

pneumonia, brought on by exposure, he was appointed head of the French commission to the United States in 1917. He labored at Washington and elsewhere for the business efficiency of the Allies and the co-ordination of their economic strength. Returning to France shortly after the formation of the Clemenceiu ministry, he later made another important trip to America and subsequently remained in Pans as high commissioner for all matters concern ing France and the United States. He was the youngest delegate to the Peace Conference in Paris. He wrote several excellent books on European politics; his 'Questions diplomatiques de l'annee 1904' was *crowned* by the French Academy. A remarkable work is his 'Le Mystere d'Agadir,' dealing with Morocco and Germany. He also wrote Conference d'Algesiras> and et les Alliances> (Paris 1907).