Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 26 >> Tao Te King to Telegraphy

Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 26

Tao Te King
Tao Te King. Laotze, Author Of The 'tao Te King,' "book Of The Way And Virtue? Lived In The 6th Century, Lc., And Was Keeper Of The Archives At The Capital Of The Chau, Where Kongtse (confucius) Visited Him. Later Many Legends, Borrowed From Buddhism, Gathered Around His Memory, Until ...

Taoism
Taoism. Taoism Ranks With Confucian Ism And Buddhism As The Three Great Religions Of China, Which Amount In Practice To One Re Ligious Compound, Wherein Confucianism Is Politico-moral And Ceremonial, Taoism Is Re Ligious And Magical, While Buddhism Deals In Metempsy-chosis And The Future Life. Only The Priests Are Exclusive ...

Tapestries
Tapestries. The Peristromata Of The Ancient Babylonians Were Highly Praised By Lucretius, Plautus, Slichus, Martial And Italicus And Have Been Considered As Tapestry Work Of Some Kcincl. 'that They Were A Costly And Greatly Admired Product Is Proven By Such Facts As That Metullus Scipio Paid 800,000 Sesterces (about $40,000) ...

Tapeworm
Tapeworm. An Elongate Flattened Rib Bon-like Parasitic Worm Belonging To The Class Cestoda (q.v.) Of The Phylum Plathelminthes. In The Large Majority Of Forms The Body Is Divided Tranversely By Septa Into Links, Seg Ments Or Proglottids Which Are Usually Am Spicuous Externally Although In A Few Less Common Genera ...

Tapir
Tapir, A Member Of A Family (tapiridce) Of Hoofed Mammals, Allied To The Horses And Rhinoceroses And Chiefly Distinguished By The Fact That The Nose Is Prolonged To Form A Short Proboscis Or Trunk And The Front Feet Have Each Four Toes, The Hind Feet Possessing Three Toes Only. The ...

Tapul
Tapul, Ta-pool', A Group Of Islands Of The Sulu Archipelago, Philippines, Lying Between The Sulu Group On The Northeast And The Tawi Tawi Group On The Southwest, Consisting Of 38 Charted And Named Islands And Some Unnamed Islets; Area, 77 Square Miles. The More Im Portant Islands Of The Group ...

Tara
Tara, Fa'ra, Ireland, A Hill In County Meath, Six Miles East Of Trim. According To Tradition The Fes Of Tara, The Triennial Con Vention Here, Was Established By 011am Fod Lah Or 011av Fola (a.c. 900 Or 950). After The Decisions Of The Meeting The Princes And Others Present Held ...

Taranto
Taranto, Ta-ran't5 (latin, Tarention; Greek, Taras), Southern Italy, A City In The Province Of Lecce, At The Northern Angle Of The Gulf Of Taranto, On A Rocky Tongue Of Land Which Separates The Ancient Inner Harbor, A Sort Of Lagoon Called The Mare Piccolo (little Sea), On The East, From ...

Tardieu
Tardieu, Fir'dye, Andre Pierre Ga Briel Arnedee, French Publicist And Administra Tor: B. 22 Sept. 1876. He Passed Out First In His Year From The Ecole Normale And Entered The Diplomatic Service, Being Attached To The French Embassy In Berlin In 1897. He Served A While In The Foreign Office ...

Tariff
Tariff. The Taxation Of Goods By The Imposition Of Customs Duties Upon Passing The National Boundary Line Or Some Fixed Point Is An Ancient Method Of Raising Revenue. The Earliest Form Of This Tax Was Probably The Transit Duty Imposed On Goods Passing Through A District And Was Justified As ...

Tariff Administration In The
Tariff Administration In The United States. The Administration Of The Tariff Laws, Which Comes Within The Prov Ince Of The Treasury Department, Is Directly Under The Care Of The Secretary Of The Treasury And One Of His Assistant Secretaries. The Ma Chinery Furnished By The Department And The Government For ...

Tarleton
Tarleton, Six Banastre, English Sol Dier In The Revolution: B. Liverpool, 1754; D. Leintwardine, Shropshire, 25 Jan. 1833. In 1775 He Entered The English Army As Cornet In The King's Dragoon Guards, And Obtained Leave To Accompany Lord Cornwallis To North Amer Ica, As Volunteer. He Was Present With Clin ...

Tarragona
Tarragona, Tar-ea-oink Spain, A Sea Port Town On The Mediterranean, Capitol Of A Province Of The Same Name, In Catalonia, 60 Miles West-southwest Of Barcelona, At The East Ern End Of The Fertile Campo De Tarragona, Which Is Watered By The River Francoli. The Old Town, Situated On A High ...

Tarrytown
Tarrytown (from The Dutch, Terwen Dori), "wheat Town*), N. Y., Village, West Chester County, On The Hudson River Or The Expansion Of The River Called Tappan Sea And On The New York Central And Hudson River Railroad, About 25 Miles North Of New York And 130 Miles South Of Albany. ...

Tarsia
Tarsia (ital. Jntarsia). Wood Inlay; Especially That Done In Italy At The Close Of The Middle Ages And During The Era Of The Renais Sance. The Word Is Received Into English As Being The Only One Describing Inlay Of That Era And Character As Distinguished From That Of Others. Thus ...

Tarsus
Tarsus, Asia Minor, An Ancient City,.the Capital Of Cilicia, Now In The Turkish Province Of Adana, Connected By Rail With Adana And The Port Of Mersina On The Mediterranean. An Ciently It Was Adorned By A Number Of Magnifi Cent Buildings. Its Inhabitants Enjoyed The Priv Ileges Of Roman Citizens, ...

Tartarin
Tartarin. (tartarin De (1872), 'tartan!) Sur Les Alpes' (1886) And (port-tarascon) (1890) Present Daudet's Best Remembered Characterization, A Typical French Man Of The Midi, Such As He Has Himself Described In Speaking Of His Other Notable Son Of The South, Numa Roumestan: ((pompous, Theatrical, Loving Parade, Costume, The Plat Form, ...

Tartuffe
Tartuffe, A Comedy Of Moliere In Five Acts In Rhymed Verse, The First Three Acts Of Which Were Presented For The First Time Before The King And Queen At Versailles, 12 May 1664, When The Author Was 38 Years Old. The Play Made Enemies Everywhere. There Were Those Among The ...

Task
Task, The, A Descriptive Poem Written William Cowper (q.v.) In The Summer Of 1783, And Published Two Years Later In A Volume Con Taining Also "an Epistle To Joseph Hill, Esq.,0 "tirocinium,d And "john Gilpinx' (q.v.). It Is In Blank Verse Of Excellent Quality, Though At Times Echoing Milton A ...

Tasmania
Tasmania, Taz-ma'n'l-a, Australia, The Smallest State Of The Commonwealth, Consisting Of The Island Of Tasmania And Its Adjacent Islets, And Situated 140 Miles South Of The South Eastern Extremity Of The Australian Continent, From Which It Is Separated By Bass Strait. The Area Of The State Is 26,385 Square Miles, ...

Tasso
Tasso, Tas'so (eng. Tas'(5), Bernardo, Italian Poet: B. Venice, 11 Nov. 1493; D. Ostig Lia, 5 Sept. 1569. His Education Began In Padua, And Was Continued During His Visits To Rome, Ferrara And Venice. He Was Already Known As A Poet Throughout Italy When Guido Rangone, General Of The Pope ...

Tasso_2
Tasso, Torquato, Tifir'kwii'to, Son Of The Preceding, Italian Epic Poet: B. Sorrento, 11 March 1544; D. Rome, 25 April 1595. He Was Early Sent To The School Of The Jesuits At Na Ples, And His Father Being Absent From Home, His Education Was At First Superintended By His Mother, Whom ...

Tatian
Tatian, Ta'shl-an, Christian Apologist: B. 2d Century In Assyria; D. Edessa, 180. He Studied Greek Philosophy And Became Dissatis Fied With The Pagan Systems Of His Time. At Rome About 150 He Was Converted To Chris Tianity By The Teachings Of Justin Martyr (q.v.). His Only Surviving Controversial Work, Dress ...

Tattnall
Tattnall, Aerial, Josiah, American Naval Officer: B. Bonaventure, Near Savannah, Ga., 9 Nov. 1795; D. Savannah, Ga., 14 June 1871. He Was Educated In England And In 1811 Returned To The United States, Where The Next Year He Was Appointed Midshipman In The Navy. He Was Engaged In The Battle ...

Tattooing
Tattooing, A Word Of Polynesian Ori Gin, Anglicized From The Tahitian Tatu, Denot Ing The Practice Of Making Permanent Colored Designs Or Figures In The Skin By Means Of Small Punctures Or Incisions, Which Receive Various Dyes Or Pigments. The Coloring Is Mainly Dark Blue And Dull Red. A Similar ...

Tauler
Tauler, Towiler, Johann, German Mys Tic: B. Strasburg, About 1300; D. There, 16 June 1361. At 18 He Renounced A Fortune To Enter The Dominican Cloister, Where He Studied The Scholastic Theology, And Returning To Strasburg Came Under The Influence Of Master Eckhart, Whose Vernacular Sermons Then Attracted Thronging Audiences. ...

Taunton
Taunton. Mass., City, County-seat Of Bristol County, At The Head Of Naviga Tion On The Taunton River, And On The New York, New Haven And Hartford Rail Road, About 36 Miles Southeast Of Boston And 16 Miles North Of Fall River. Over 100 Passenger Trains And About 100 Freight Trains ...

Taxation
Taxation. What Is A Tax? — A Dis Tinction Must Be Made Between A Tax And The Exercise Of The Power Of Taxation. Property May Be Taken From Individuals By The Govern Ment In The Exercise Of Various Sovereign Pow Ers, Such As The Power Of Eminent Domain, The Penal ...

Taxidermy
Taxidermy Is The Art Of Stuffing And Mounting The Skins Of Animals, Or Their Heads, So As To Appear Natural And Lifelike. It Is No Longer A Question Of Filling Out A Skin, But Rather Of Making A Statue Of A Creature Long Since Dead, Which Will Exactly Fit The ...

Taxonomy In Plants
Taxonomy In Plants, Derived From The Greek Words Rafts Taxis, Meaning Arrangement, And Nomos, Law. Called Sometimes Taxology. It Is The Study Of Classi Fication, Especially From A Biological Aspect, And Treating Of The Morphology Of Plant Life. Ray (1703) Divided The Vegetable Kingdom Into Two General Classes: The Flowering ...

Tayabas
Tayabas, Ti-ya'bis, Philippines, (1) Pueblo Province Of Tayabas; On Tayabas River, Five Miles Inland, 65 Miles Southeast Of Manila. Under Spanish Jurisdiction It Was The Capital Of The Province, And Is The Largest Town. It Is An Important Road Centre And Carries On A Large Trade. Pop. 15,000. (2) Province, ...

Taylor
Taylor, Tiler, (james) Bayard, Ameri Can Writer: B. Kennett Square, Pa., 11 Jan. 1825; D. Berlin, Germany, 19 Dec. 1878. He Had A Secondary Education At West Chester And Unionville, And In 1842 Was Apprenticed To A Printer In The Former Town, But Did Not Serve Out His Apprenticeship. In ...

Taylor University
Taylor University, Located At Up Land, Ind. The Forerunner Of The Uni Versity Was The Fort Wayne Female College, Organized In 1846 At Fort Wayne, Ind. In 1852 This College United With The Collegiate In Stitution At The Same Place, And Became A Co Educational School. The Name Was Changed ...

Taylor_2
Taylor, Jeremy, English Prelate And Au Thor: B. Cambridge, 1613; D. Lisburn, County Antrim, Ireland, 13 Aug. 1667. After Gradua Tion In 1630 From Caius College, Cambridge, He Was Ordained In 1634, Attracted Some Atten Tion By His Divinity Lectures At Saint Paul's And Was Sent By Laud To Oxford, ...

Taylor_3
Taylor, Tom, English Dramatist And Journalist: B. Bishop-wearmouth (sunder Land), 19 Oct. 1817; D. Wandsworth, 12 July 1880. He Was Educated At The University Of Glasgow And At Trinity College, Cambridge, Graduating From The Latter In 1840. He Was Elected A Fellow Of His College In 1842 And In 1845-47 ...

Taylor_4
Taylor, Zachary, 12th President Of The United States: B. Orange County, Va., 24 Sept. 1784; D. 9 July 1850. His Father, Col. Richard Taylor, Served Under Washington And He Held A Number Of Important Offices In Kentucky Where He Migrated Soon After The Birth Of Zachary. Young Taylor Grew Up ...

Tchaikovsky
Tchaikovsky, Chi-lcorsice, Peter. Ilich, The Grdatest Of Russian Composers: B. Votinsk, Government Of Viatka, 7 May (not 25 Dec.) 1840; D. Saint Petersburgh, 6 Nov. 1893, Of Cholera. His Father, A Mining Engineer, Had No Intention Of Making A Musician Of Him, But Had Him Educated At The Technological In ...

Te Deum Laudamus
Te Deum Laudamus, To &aim Mils, Or More Abbreviated, Te Deum, Is The Beginning Of The Hymn Of Praise Usually As Cribed To Saint Ambrose And Saint Augustine, Although It Cannot Be Traced Farther Back Than The End Of The 5th Century, While Saint Augus Tine Died In 430. The ...

Tea In America
Tea In America. About 1880 The United States Department Of Agriculture Estab Lished A Small Tea-growing Plantation Near Sum Merville, S. C., And Various Varieties Were Raised In An Experimental Way. Later The Plan Was Extended And The Pinehurst. Tea Gardens Opened In The Suburbs, Being Supplied With Native Tea ...

Teachers
Teachers, Professional Training Of Richard Mulcaster Of London Advocated The Professional Training Of Teachers As Early As 1561 And Suggested That A Teachers' College Be Organized As A Department In A University. Nothing Definite Or Permanent Appears To Have Come From This Suggestion. The First Genuine Effort For. The Professional ...

Teaching Methods And Sys
Teaching Methods And Sys Tems. Teaching, Or The Imparting Of Knowl Edge By The Means Of Lessons Or Example, Has Been A Matter Of Study, Of Discussion, Of Ac Ceptance Or Rejection Of Methods And Plans Through The Entire History Of Educational Science. Talleyrand Said That Methods Are The Masters ...

Teak
Teak, A Large, Verbenaceous Forest Tree (tectona Grandis), Native To Southern Asia And To The Malayan Islands, Which Furnishes The Val Uable Lumber Known As Teak. The Heartwood Is Golden-brown When First Cut, But When Aged Darkens To The Tint Of Black Walnut. It Is Very Durable, Examples In House-timbers ...

Technology
Technology, Schools Of. Schools Of Technology In The United States Are Of Compara Tively Recent Date. The Earliest Was The Rens Selaer Polytechnic Institute Of Troy, N. Y. (q.v.), Founded In 1824; Then Followed The Massachusetts Institute Of Technology, Boston, Mass., 1861; The Worcestei Polytechnic Insti Tute, Worcester, Mass., 1868; ...

Teeth
Teeth, Hard Structures Developed In The Mouth And Adjacent Parts Of Vertebrated Ani Mals And Concerned In The Obtaining And Masti Cation Of Food And Secondarily In A Variety Of Other Functions. Athey Present,' Says Owen, "many Varieties As To Number, Size, Form, Struc Ture, Position And Mode Of Attachment, ...

Tegea
Tegea, Arcadia, City Of Ancient Greece Whose Site Was Near The Modern Tripolitza. It Was Situated On The Southern Portion Of A Plateau Nearly Enclosed By Mountains, The Northern Half Being Occupied By Mantineia. It Was A Highly Fertile Region, But Was Subject To Floods Because Of An Insufficiency Of ...

Teheran
Teheran, Te114-ran', Persia, (11 Capital Of A Province Of The Same Name, At The North East And About 66 Miles South Of The Caspian Sea. It Lies On An Elevated Plain, With The Lofty Ranges Of Elburz And Demavend Rising At The North And East, 20,000 Feet Being The Eleva ...

Tehuantepec
Tehuantepec, Isthmus Of, Comprises That Section Of The Republic Of Mexico Within The States Of Vera Cruz And Oaxaca Where The Gulf Of Mexico And The Pacific Ocean Approach Nearest One Another, The Distance From The Mouth Of The Coatzacoalcos River, On The East, To The Port Of Salina Cruz, ...

Telautograph
Telautograph, An Instrument For The Instantaneous Transmission Of A Facsimile Copy Of Writing Or Pen Drawing. Telautograph Was The Name Given By Elisha Gray, Who Invented The Apparatus To His Particular Form, But It Has Been Extended To Cover Varieties Of Ma Chines Having The Same Purpose. In Gray's Ap ...

Telegraph Battalions
Telegraph Battalions. The Gen Eral Duty Of Signal Troops Is To Collect And Transmit Information, To Asist In Providing Se Curity For Troops, To Assist In Directing Fire Attack During Combat, To Provide Means For Ready Verbal And Written Communication Be Tween Distant Commanders And Troop Leaders, To Facilitate The ...

Telegraphy
Telegraphy, Submarine Sound, A System Of Communication Between Steamships At Sea By Sound Telegraph Through Water. In 1901 A. J. Mundy Tested. An Experimental Boat In Boston Harbor, Based On Experiments In The Conductivity Of Sound Through Liquids By Prof. Elisha Gray. Experiments By. B. Millet J Proved Remarkably Successful ...

Telegraphy
Telegraphy. The Word Telegraph Is Derived From The Greek, Tele, °afar Off," And Graph, °to Write.* In The Modern Practice Of Telegraphy, However, The Term Has A Wider Meaning And Is Used To Signify Any Means By Which Intelligence Is Transmitted To A Dis Tance By Signs Or Sounds. In ...