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Tarleton

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TARLETON, Six Banastre, English sol dier in the Revolution: b. Liverpool, 1754; d. Leintwardine, Shropshire, 25 Jan. 1833. In 1775 he entered the English army as cornet in the king's dragoon guards, and obtained leave to accompany Lord Cornwallis to North Amer ica, as volunteer. He was present with Clin ton's army at the attack on Charleston and other operations, then served with Sir William Erskine's cavalry, attacking and capturing New York (September 1776), Fort Washington and Fort Lee in November. He commanded the ad vance guard under Harcourt and captured General Lee (13 December) and was present in operations around Brunswick, Princeton and Trenton (1777). In 1780 he fought around Charleston capturing (by surprise) three regi ments of -American cavalry with their stores, just before the capitulation of Charleston. He aided in the capture of Camden. In the South i ca he had to retreat, after Mor n's victory at Cowpens, to Hamilton Ford. Joining Leslie in isa3uary 1780 they returned and successfully at tacked Morgan. But in spite of Tarleton's nu merous successes the attacKs of Lafayette and Wayne rendered the Cornwallis position hope less and, with the surrender to Washington, Tarleton returned to England (1782) on parole.

He was made lieutenant-colonel of light dragoons in December, then entered Parliament (1790) representing Liverpool, retaining his seat till 1807. In 1807 he was again elected to sit till 1812, giving his seat to Canning. He was pro moted (1790) to colonel, then to major-general (1794) and lieutenant-general (1801). After several short commissions to Ireland and else where he was made (1808) governor of Ber wick and Holy Island. In 1812 he was pro moted to general and was created baronet in 1815. He was certainly a clever, daring and successful leader of cavalry, but history would give him the blame for unnecessary cruelty, resorting at times to butchery. He wrote