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diatessaron and century

TATIAN, ta'shl-an, Christian apologist: b. 2d century in Assyria; d. Edessa, 180. He studied Greek philosophy and became dissatis fied with the pagan systems of his time. At Rome about 150 he was converted to Chris tianity by the teachings of Justin Martyr (q.v.). His only surviving controversial work, dress to the Greeks,' was written 176 and after the death of Justin Martyr he adopted Gnostic Dualism and unchristian conceptions regarding God, the demiurge and the world of eons, and admitted the existence of contradictions in the Scriptures. In practical matters he rejected the use of wine and of animal food, and used only water in celebrating the Eucharist. He was also opposed to marriage, and he gave in his ad hesion to the sect of the Encratites. He was answered by Tertullian, Clement of Alexan dria, Hippolytus, Origen and others. His (Diatessaron) was a kind of harmony of the four gospels. In 1876 Dr. Moesinger published

at Venice a Latin translation of a commen tary on the 'Diatessaron> which had been writ ten by Ephraim Syrus. The translation had been made in 1841 by Aucher, a Mechitarist monk, not from the original Syriac of Ephraim, for that is not extant, but from an Armenian version ascribed to the 5th century. In 1881 Zahn published his 'Tatian's in which he sought to restore the work from the available materials. An Arabic version found in Egypt was edited in 1::.: by Agostino Ciasca. The original language of the may have been Syriac; Harnack believes that it was Greek. Consult Otto, 'Corpus Apolo getarum) (1882) ; Hamphill, 'The Literature of the 2d Century) (1891) ; Harris, 'The Diatessaron of Tatian> (1890) ; Hill, 'The Ear liest Life of Christ' (1893).