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province, miles and philippines

TAYABAS, ti-ya'bis, Philippines, (1) Pueblo province of Tayabas; on Tayabas River, five miles inland, 65 miles southeast of Manila. Under Spanish jurisdiction it was the capital of the province, and is the largest town. It is an important road centre and carries on a large trade. Pop. 15,000. (2) Province, form ing the western part of southern Luzon; bounded on the north by the Pacific Ocean, and Lam& Bay and Ambos Camarines, on the east by Ambos Camarines and the Visayan Sea, on the south by the Mindoro Sea, and on the west by Batangas and Laguna; area, about 5,000 square miles. The outline is very irregular; its extreme length from Point Piapi in the northwest to Point Pagsanjan in the southeast is 102 miles; and the distance from the northeastern boundary to Sandoval Point on the southwest is 47 miles. Its coasts are indented by three of the largest bays of the Philippines, Lam& on the north, Ragay on the east and Tayabas on the south. The province is generally mountainous, the main central chain extends from northwest to southeast, and this range sends out spurs on each side. There are numerous small rivers and streams. The soil of the valleys is fertile; on the lower levels rice, sugar and coffee are raised and grain on the higher levels; a special product is a seed called lumbang from which an oil is made; the cocoanut is grown in large quanti ties. The forests contain a variety of woods

for building purposes, besides gum and resin trees; and large quantities of timber and forest products are exported. The mechanical indus tries of this province are of considerable im portance; the manufactures include hats, cigar cases and boxes and native fabrics; there are also mills for extracting cocoanut oil and a number of boat-building yards for the con struction of native boats. Stock-raising is also of some importance. The province has good communication by water with all parts of the Philippines, and is traversed by the main highway from Sorsogon to Manila; there are also several other roads and trails. The inhab itants of the western part of the province are Tagalogs, those of the eastern part are Bicols. Civil government was established in March 1901, in accordance with the law of the Philip pine Commission. Pop. about 150,000.