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poems, letters, europe and travel

TAYLOR, tiler, (James) Bayard, Ameri can writer: b. Kennett Square, Pa., 11 Jan. 1825; d. Berlin, Germany, 19 Dec. 1878. He had a secondary education at West Chester and Unionville, and in 1842 was apprenticed to a printer in the former town, but did not serve out his apprenticeship. In 1844 he set sail for Liverpool, and during the next two years he traveled, chiefly on foot, in Great Britain, Bel gium, Germany, Austria, Italy and France. He described his journeys for several American newspapers, his letters being collected and pub lished on his return under the title

an account of a visit to Sweden, Denmark and Lapland. In 1862-63 he was secretary of lega tion and for a time chargé-d'affaires at Saint Petersburg, and in 1870 he lectured at Cornell University on German literature. He became United States Ambassador at Berlin in May 18'78. In addition to works already mentioned the following may be enumerated: (At Home and Abroad) (18D-62); (Byways and Europe' (1869); a translation of Goethe's 'Faust) in the original metres (1870); the novels; (Han nah Thurston) (1863); (John Godfrey's For tunes) (1864) • (The Story of Kennett) (1886); 'Joseph and His Friend) (1870); 'The Poet's Journal) (1863), and other volumes of verse. Two collections of miscellaneous writings ap peared posthumously, (Studies in German Literature) (1879), and (Essays and Notes) (1880). It is by his translation of (Faust,' one of the finest attempts of the kind in any literature, that Taylor is generally known; yet as an original poet he stands well up in the second rank of Americans. His 'Poems of the Orient) and his PennsYlvania ballads com prise his best work. His vtrse is finished and sonorous, but at times over-rhetorical. Con sult the (Life and Letters) by his wife and H. E. Scudder (1884).