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TAYLOR, Tom, English dramatist and journalist: b. Bishop-Wearmouth (Sunder land), 19 Oct. 1817; d. Wandsworth, 12 July 1880. He was educated at the University of Glasgow and at Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating from the latter in 1840. He was elected a Fellow of his college in 1842 and in 1845-47 he was professor of the English lan guage and literature in University College, London. Called to the bar in 1846, he was on the northern circuit for a time, but in 1850 was appointed assistant secretary, in 1854 sec retary to the board of health. On the forma tion of the local government board he was made secretary of the sanitary department and when his post was abolished in 1871 he re tired with a pension. He engaged in journalis tic work at an early stage in his career and in 1844 began his connection with Punch, which continued until his death; in 1874 he succeeded Shirley Brooks as editor. He was

the author of a large number of successful plays, including 'To Parents and Guardians' (1845) ; 'Masks and Faces) (1852), in collabo ration with Charles Reade, (To Oblige Benson) (1854), an adaptation from the French; (Our American Cousin' (1858), first produced at Laura Keane's theatre, New York, when Sothern created the character of Lord Dun dreary; 'New Men and Old Acres) (1859), partly by A. W. Dubourg; Overland Route' (1860) ; 'The Ticket-of-Leave Man) (1863), based upon a French work; 'The Fool's Revenge' (1869), based upon Hugo's (Le Roi S'Amuse'; Axe and (1870), adapted from the German; (Joan of Arc' (1871); (Lady Clancartv) (1874), and (Settling Day' (1877). He wrote a striking poem on the death of Lincoln eulogizing the martyr and atoning for the- past critical offenses of Punch.