TE DEUM LAUDAMUS, to &Aim mils, or more abbreviated, TE DEUM, is the beginning of the hymn of praise usually as cribed to Saint Ambrose and Saint Augustine, although it cannot be traced farther back than the end of the 5th century, while Saint Augus tine died in 430. The opening words, meaning, "We praise thee as God," show that it was originally a hymn to Christ, but it is now al ways regarded as a hymn to the Father, the English version beginning, "We praise thee, 0 God." In addition to its place in church serv ices it is often sting on particular occasions, as on the news of victories and high festival days. Among the great composers of music for this hymn are Hasse, Naumann, Haydn and Handel.
TEA, an evergreen shrub or small tree (Camellia thea) of the order (Ternstrcemiaccce). The plant naturally attains a height of 30 feet, but under cultivation is pruned so that it rarely exceeds five feet. It bears lanceolate leaves about four inches long and rather large fragrant white flowers singly or in twos or threes, mostly in the axils of the leaves. It is a native of India and China, and has been cultivated in the latter country more than 2,000 years. Of several recognized species, only two have be come commercially valuable: C. thea, var. Bohea, and C. thea, var. viridis. The latter is indigenous to India, the former recognized as a hybrid of Chinese species, probably with the original India variety.
The ground on which a plan tation of tea is to be set out -is dug over in trenches to the depth of at least 18 inches, and 24 inches is preferred if the expense — about double — is not deterrent. As the plantation is of a permanent character, in tended for a productive period of probably 30 years, every effort is made to have the soil in the best of condition, and well manured. The plants are taken from a nursery where they have been grown from seed for from six to 12 months, and set four feet apart both ways for "hill" culture. Where the ground is especially favorable they are set five feet apart. On poor soil the °hedge° system is practised, the plants being three feet apart in the hedge, and the hedges five feet apart. The plant has a tap-root
descending eight to 10 feet into the earth. From this the feeding roots ramify in all directions. The cultivation consists in keeping the ground loose and free from weeds by surface hoeing, and once a year trenching the soil — from 18 inches in depth between the rows to nine inches next the "collar" of the plants. This is done in the late autumn, just after pruning, and the prunings along with green manure, preferably from leguminous plants, are spaded under. These prunings are estimated to restore to the soil 95 pounds of combined nitrogen, 56 pounds of potash and 19.6 pounds of phosphoric acid per acre. The pruning is done while the plant Is passive, usually in December. On the hill plantations pruning is done annually: on level gardens, every other year or every third year the practice being to prune alternately one half or one-third of the plantation. The tin pruned trees furnish the smaller leaves and.
therefore, the higher grade tea, and their flushes come earlier, thus extending the picking season. On new plantations pruning begins when the trees are 12 to 18 months old, at which time the centre stem is cut down to within nine inches or even six inches above the ground the object being to produce a growth of many branches and twigs, and thus a larger bulk of leafage which may be plucked without injury to the plant. The second pruning takes off every thing to a level of 18 inches above the ground. As much of the tea is picked by children, the height of the plants in such localities is re stricted to 30 inches. A very small plucking is made the second year, and the third year the yield is about 150•pounds per acre. The full yield of about 400 pounds per acre begins with the fifth year. The plant continues to yield well until its loth ear, when it is cut down and new sprouts developed from the trunk. This process is repeated until the plantation is 30 years old, when it is removed and new plants set out.