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Telemachus

fenelon and government

TELEMACHUS, a Syrian monk, who, in the time of the Emperor Honorius, about 400 A.D., leaped into the arena of the Coliseum and attempted to separate the gladiators. He lost his life at the hands of the enraged populace, but the occurrence is said to have influenced Honorius to discontinue gladiatorial combats, which he did soon afterward.

TgLEMAQUE, a romance by Fenelon. 'Telemaque) is in form a novel, and relates the adventures of Telemachus in .search of his father, Ulysses. In its flowery poetic style, however, and in its division into 24 books, it suggests the epic poem rather than the modern novel. It is based upon the Odyssey of Homer, and uses the mythology and introduces many of the characters of that poem. Its intention was primarily didactic. It was one of several works that Fenelon wrote for the instruction of the young Duc de Bourgogne, grandson of Louis XIV, whose tutor he was (1689-95). By

his experiences and observation during his wan derings, in various lands and among different peoples, aided especially by the wise comments and interpretations of Minerva, who accom panies him in the form of Mentor, the young Telemachus, future ruler of Ithaca, and through him the future ruler of France, received those lessons on the proper conduct of life and es pecially on the duties of a king and on sound principles of government, which were calcu lated to prepare them for the responsibilities of their high stations. It is a striking mark of the honesty and independence of Fenelon that these lessons are singularly liberal and modern, and contain implicitly a sweeping in dictment of the government and policies of Louis XIV. (Telemaque) has often been trans lated into English. ARTHUR G. CANFIELD.