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Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 26

Telemachus
Telemachus, A Syrian Monk, Who, In The Time Of The Emperor Honorius, About 400 A.d., Leaped Into The Arena Of The Coliseum And Attempted To Separate The Gladiators. He Lost His Life At The Hands Of The Enraged Populace, But The Occurrence Is Said To Have Influenced Honorius To Discontinue ...

Teleology
Teleology (greek, Telos, °end° Or °purpose) Denotes A Mode Of Explanation In Accordance With Which The World As A Whole, Or Particular Forms Within It, Are Regarded As Due To The Realization Of Some End Or Purpose On The Part Of Some Intelligence Existing Either In The World Or Outside ...

Telephone Systems
Telephone Systems, Independent. Under This Designation Are Placed All Those Tele Phones Not Owned By Bell System Companies, Such As Certain' Telephones Used For Military Purposes, Some Of The Telephones In Those Cities Where There Are Two Or More Exchanges Existing And Operating Side By Side, 'such Interior Tele Phones ...

Telephony
Telephony, Wireless. Prior To The Transmission Of Speech 'without Wires By Means Of Ether Waves Developed Electrically Several More Or Less Successful Wireless Methods Of Transmitting Speech Were Utilized Experimentally; For Instance, A Device Termed The Photophone Was Employed By Bell, The Inventor Of The Tele Phone, In Which Light ...

Telescope
Telescope. The Telescope Is An Optical Instrument By Which The Image Of Ea Distant Sents The Reflecting Astronomical Telescope As Invented In 1669 By Sir Isaac Newton, And Called The Newtonian Reflector. In This The Light Traverses The Entire Length. Of The Tube, At The Lower End Of Which It ...

Telford
Telford, Fel'ffird, Thomas, Scottish En Gineer: B. Eskdale, Dumfriesshire, 9 Aug. 1757; D. Westminster, 2 Sept. 1834. At 14 He Was Ap Prenticed To A Mason And On The Expiration Of His Time Worked As A Journeyman At That Trade, But Subsequently Removed To Edinburgh And There Applied Himself To ...

Tell
Tell, Tel, William, Swiss Peasant Of Biirglen, Near Altorf, Celebrated In Legend For His Resistance To The Tyranny Of The Austrian Governor, Gessler. The Stories Connected With Him, With Those Relating To The Origin Of The Swiss Confederation, First Appear In The 15th Century. According To Them, Gessler, The Ty ...

Teller
Teller, Terer, Henry Moore, American Senator: B. Granger, Allegany County, N. Y., 23 May 1830; D. Denver, Colo., 23 Feb. 1914. He Was Educated At Alfred New York, Taught School, And After Admission To The Bar Practised Law In Illinois And Colorado. He Was United States Senator From Colorado 1876-82, ...

Tellurium
Tellurium, An Element Discovered By Mueller Von Reichenstein (1782) In A Specimen Of Gold Ore From Austria. Klaproth Named It From The Latin Tellus, Meaning The Earth. Tel Lurium Occurs Free, But Most Commonly In Company With Gold, Silver, Lead And Bismuth. Native Tellurium Is Found In Considerable Quantity In ...

Telpherage
Telpherage, Aerial Transportation, As In A Cable Or Elevated Railway, By Electric Power, Arranged For Automatic Operation. Both The System And The Word "telpherage,* Which Means Carrying," Were Introduced By The Late Fleeming Jenkin. He Recognized The Ease With Which The Electric Motor Could Be Adapted To Automatic Transportation Of ...

Temperance
Temperance. This Word Has Long Been Used To Characterize The Movement For The. Temperate Use Of Intoxicants And For The Activities Of Societies Of Abstainers And Those Favormg A Restriction Of The Use And Sale Of Alcoholic Beverages. The Records Of All The Early Peoples Of The World Contain References ...

Tempering
Tempering, The Art Of Imparting To Metals, By Means Of Heat Treatment, A Definite Degree Of Hardness. The Term Is Now Applied Almost Exclusively To Certain Kinds Of Steel, Which Are Used In The Manufacture Of Tools. It Is Said That The Ancients Could Harden And Tem Per Copper; But ...

Tempest
Tempest, The. Although Certain Inter Nal Evidence, Notably The Verse-test, Has Caused Most Scholars To Believe That 'the Winter's Tale' Was The Last Of Shakespeare's Plays, There Will Always Be Reason In Thinlcing That 'the Tempest' (written In 1610 Or 1611) Best Represents The Final Mood Of Shakespeare As He ...

Temple
Temple, Frederick, English Prelate, Archbishop Of Canterbury: B. Santa Maura, Ionian Islands, 30 Nov. 1821; D. London, 23 Dec. 1902. He Was The Son Of An English Army Officer Who Died While He Was A Child, And Under His Mother's Care Was Well Educated In Youth, So That He Obtaincd ...

Temple_2
Temple, A Name Applied In Religious His Tory Particularly To The Temple Built By Solo Mon At Jerusalem As A House Of The Lord, And To The Temples Which Succeeded It, More Espe Cially The Magnificent Structure, Erected By Herod The Great, Which Is Often Mentioned In The New Testament. ...

Temporal Power Of The
Temporal Power (of The Pope). By This Expression, In Its Generally Received Sig Nification, Is Understood The Sovereign Civil Rule Which Was Exercised By The Popes Over The States Of The Church With Varying Vicissitudes From The Middle Of The 8th Century Down To The Year 1870, When The Last ...

Tenement House
Tenement House, A Multiple Dwell Ing Arranged For The Occupation Of Several Families, Each Of Which Can Live Independently And Do Its Cooking Within Its Apartment. The Legal Definition Varies Somewhat In Different Cities. In New York, Philadelphia, Washing Ton, Buffalo And Other Cities, It Ts Such A House For ...

Teniers
Teniers, David, The Younger (son Of The Preceding), Flemish Artist: B. Antwerp, 15 Dec. 1610; D. Brussels, 25 April 1690. He Received His Early Instruction In His Art From Lis Father A.' *: Style Was Improved By Copy Ing 200 Pictures In The Gallery Of Archduke Leopold William To Whom ...

Tennessee
Tennessee, University Of, The State University Located At Knoxville, Tenn. It Was Established In 1794 As Blount College, A Non Sectarian Institution And Was Incorporated By The First General Assembly Of The Territory Southwest Of The Ohio; In 1807 The Name Was Changed To East Tennessee College And In 1840 ...

Tennessee
Tennessee, Ten-nes-se Mtn Volun Teer Stated), A Southern-central State Of The United States. Kentucky And Virginia Lie To The North; North Carolina To The East ; Georgia, Alabama And Mississippi To The South; And Arkansas And Missouri To The West. Its Length On The Northern Side Is 436 Miles; That ...

Tennyson
Tennyson, Alfred, Lord, English Poet: B. Somersby, Lincolnshire, 6 Aug. 1809; D. Ald Worth, Near Haslemere, On The Border Of Sus Sex And Surrey., 6 Oct. 1892. His Boyhood Was Passed At His Father's Country Rectory, In An At Mosphere That Was Full Of Poetry And Music; And At A ...

Tent
Tent, A Portable Dwelling-place Formed Of Flexible Material, As Blankets, Hides Or More Commonly Canvas, Stretched With Cords On Poles. Tents Are Chiefly Used In Europe And The United States As Shelters For Soldiers, Although The First Hunters In This Country, Following The Indians. Made Partial Use Of Them. The ...

Tenth Century
Tenth Century. The Tenth Is Com Monly Rated In History As One Of The Lowest Of Centuries In Achievement. Undoubtedly Fewer Monuments And Documents Representing Physi Cal Or Intellectual Accomplishment Have Come Down To Us From It Than From Corresponding Periods. The Principal Reason For This Is To Be Found ...

Terence
Terence, Ariens (pustrus Terentius Aims), Roman Writer Of Comedies: B. Carthage, Africa, Between 185 And 195 S.c.; D. Probably In Greece, 159 S.c. While Yet A Child He Was Bought By Publius Terentius Lucanus, A Roman Senator, Who Took Him To Rome And Gave Him A Good Education. His Master ...

Terra Cotta
Terra Cotta, Hard Baked Clay Or Earthenware Of Exceptionally Good Quality, Of E Uniform Texture, Hard And Durable. The 'ng Lish Dictionary Of Architecture,' Completed Be Fore There Was Much Use In England Of Ma Terials Made With Cement, Speaks Of It As Arti Ficial Stone; But The Term Has ...

Terre Haute
Terre Haute, Ter'e Hot (french, Mean Ing *high Land"), Ind., City, County-seat Of Vigo County, On The Wabash River, And On The Chi Cago And Eastern Illinois, The Evansville And Terre Haute, The Evansville And Indianapolis, The Chicago, Terre Haute And Southeastern, And The Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago And Saint Louis ...

Terrier
Terrier, The Name Of Several Small Breeds Of Dogs. Terriers Were Originally Used For Unearthing The Fox And For Killing Rats And Other Vermin, And Several Ldnds Are Still Em Ployed In These And Similar Occupations. Some Are Good Watch-dogs, And Others Are Useful As Retrievers. The Most Popular Variety ...

Territories
Territories, In The United States, Cer Tain Parts Of The National Domain Which Have Not Been Formed Into States. Starting With 13 States It Has Been The Policy Of The United States In Taking In New Territory To Require Of The Inhabitants Evidences Of Fitness For Self Government. This Nation ...

Terry
Terry, Ellen Alice, English Actress: B. Coventry, Warwickshire, 27 Feb. 1848. Her Parents Were Both Actors And She Made Her First Appearance At The Age Of Eight, Under The Management Of Mrs. Charles Kean At The Prin Cess Theatre, London. A Little Later She Won High Praise As The Young ...

Tertiaries
Tertiaries, Ter'slii-a-riz, Members Of The Third Order Of Various Religious Societies In The Roman Catholic Church. They Are Gen Erally Lay Members Of Religious Orders Who Follow Ordinary Avocations And Duties In Their Communities, Yet Participate In Certain Work Of A Given Order. Shortly After The Institution Of The Franciscan ...

Tertiary Period
Tertiary Period, The Space Of Time, Geologically Considered, Immediately Precediz The Present, And Occupying The Earlier Larger Part Of The Cenozoic Era; Also The Rock System Then Formed. It Is Preceded By The Cretaceous. Tertiary Strata Were At First Con• Founded With The Superficial Alluviums Of Europe And It Was ...

Tertullian
Tertullian (quintus Septimius Florens Tertullianus), Ecclesiastical Writer: B. Carthage, C. 160; D. C. 250. The Son Of A Pagan Centurion In The Proconsular Service, He Re Ceived A Fine Literary Education And Became As Conversant With Greek As With Latin. He Studied Law And Probably Practised It, His Writings Disclosing ...

Tesla
Tesla, Rezli, Nicola: B. In Smiljan, Province Of Lika, Austrian Croatia, In 1857; Early Education In Gospich; Graduated From Real Schule, Karlstadt, In 1873; Studied At Poly Technic School, Gratz, Capital Of Croatia, With The Intention Of Becoming A Professor Of Mathe Matics .and Physics, But Became Interested In Electricity ...

Testicle
Testicle, One Of The Two Genital Glands Of The Male In Which The Spermatozoa And Some Other Of The Constituents Of The Semen Are Formed; A Testis. The Term Is Also Applied To Either Of The Posterior Tubercles Of The Optic Lobes Or Corpora Quadrigemina. The Testicle Proper Lies In ...

Testing Machines
Testing Machines. Testing Ma Chines Are Employed To Determine The Physical Properties Of Metals, And Other Materials Such As Cement, Used For Engineering And Structural Purposes. They Are Used Especially In The Test Ing Of Steel. The Prime Requisite Of A Material To Be Used In Engineering Operations Is The ...

Tetanus
Tetanus, A Disease Characterized By Spasm Ot Some Or All Of The Voluntary Muscles. The Spasms Vary In Rigidity, And Strong Ex Acerbations Attend Their Recurrence. Tetanus Is A True Toxannia, And Occurs In Several Varie Ties, The Most Familiar Of Which Is Lockjaw (trimus), Whence It Is Commonly Called ...

Teutonic Languages
Teutonic Languages. • The Teu Tonic, Or Germanic, Languages Are Unmistakably Of A Common Origin. They Comprise English, German, Frisian, Flemish, Dutch, Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, Icelandic And Gothic. The Latter Prevailed From The 4th To The 7th Cen Turies A.d. Over A Large Portion Of The South West And Southeast ...

Texarkana
Texarkana, Felcs-ir-kin'a, Ark., And Tex., Twin City, One In Bowie County, Tex., The Other The County-seat Of Miller County, Ark., On The Saint Louis, Iron Mountain And Southern, Kansas City Southern, Or (port Arthur Route," Saint Louis Southwestern, Or "cotton Belt Route," Texas And Pacific, Tex Arkana And Fort Smith ...

Texas
Texas, The University Of, The Head Of The Public School System Of The State, Is Located At Austin, Except The Medical Department At Galveston And A Loosely Connected School Of Mines At El Paso. The First Step Toward Its Establishment Was Taken In 1839 When The Congress Of The Republic ...

Texas
Texas, The Most Centrally Located Of The Southern Tier Of The United States, Is Much The Largest In The Union And Is Popularly Known As The Alone Star State." It Is Bounded On The Southeast By The Gulf Of Mexico, On The East By Louisiana, On The East And North ...

Textile Designing
Textile Designing. This Term Is Used For The Designing Of Textiles In Which The Pattern Is Obtained In The Weaving And Not By Subsequent Printing. The Simplest Patterns Are In Stripes And Checks. By Running 5 Or 10 White Threads And 5 Or 10 Gray Threads Alter Nately In The ...

Textile Industry
Textile Industry. American.— In 1800 There Were No Textile Mills, As The Term Is Now Understood, In The United States. What Ever The American People Did In The Way Of Manufacturing Their Own Clothing Was Mostly Done In The Household; The Spinning Wheel And The Handloom Were Utensils As Familiar ...

Textile Printing
Textile Printing. The Decorating Of Fabrics By Printing Is One Of The Oldest Of The Arts. There Are Evidences That It Was Prac Tised In Egypt 2000 A.c., And It Was Used In Ancient Assyria, India And China. Opinions Are Divided As To The Country Of Its Origin, But There ...