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TEMPLE, Frederick, English prelate, archbishop of Canterbury: b. Santa Maura, Ionian Islands, 30 Nov. 1821; d. London, 23 Dec. 1902. He was the son of an English army officer who died while he was a child, and under his mother's care was well educated in youth, so that he obtaincd a ((double firse at Oxford and was elected Fellow and tutor of his college. After his ordination in 1846 he took charge of Midler Hall, Twickenham, and from 1848 to 1858 was school inspector. In the latter year he was made headmaster of Rugby and became one of the most powerful and in fluential successors of Arnold. The publica tion of 'Essays and Reviews,' in which series Temple led off with 'The Education of the World,) roused a storm of acrimonious con troversy, but did not shake confidence in the headmaster of Rugby, who was appointed bishop of Exeter in 1869, was translated to London in 1885 and succeeded Archbishop Ben son in 1896. Equally as schoolmaster and as bishop he was a strict disciplinarian, an un tiring worker, a blunt, just and sincere man whose plainness of address did not obscure the massive learning with which his mind was stored. The great controversial storms of the

century had spent their fury in the English Church before he reached the primacy, but his incumbency was not uneventful. The Tractarian movement was in its last phase of ritualism, and Temple handled ritualists with firmness and moderation. He took part in the queen's diamond jubilee (1897) and in 1902 placed the crown on the head of her successor. His writings are 'Sermons in Rugby Chapel' and Bampton Lectures for 1884 on