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Theodoret

antioch, nestorius and history

THEODORET, the-M.6-ra (Greek, eeodZipros), church historian and theological writer: b. Antioch, late in the 4th century; d. 457. He was educated in a monastery near Antioch, where he had Nestorius and John of Antioch for fellow-pupils. After 25 years' study and retirement he succeeded Isidorus (423) as bishop of Cyrus, a city about two days' journey from Antioch. He endeavored to play the part of mediator between Nestorius and Cyril of Alexandria, but could effect no reconciliation. In 431 Nestorius was deposed by the Council of Ephesus, an act which 'Mead oret at first protested against, but later on excused. When the Nestonans were prosecuted with relentless severity, he stood forth as the champion of Nestorius against Cyril and his successor Dioscurus. The latter accused Theod oret of Nestorianism, pronounced a public anathema upon him in the church of Alex andria and (449) procured his deposition at the so-called robber council of Ephesus, a sen tence which was reversed by the general coun cil of Chalcedon (451). The most important

of his works, of which a complete edition was published by Schulze and Niisselt (1769-74), consist of commentaries on the Old Testament and on the Pauline epistles; (Ecclesiastical His tory,' in five books, beginning with the history of Arianism under Constantine the Great and ending with the death of Theodore of Mop suestia; (Religious History,' a narrative of the lives of the hermits, called the Fathers of the Desert; (Eranistes,) three dialogues against the Eutychians, and of Heresies.' Consult Binder sur Theodoret> (Ge neva 1844) ; (Gaisford, (Theodoreti Historia Ecclesiastica' (1854) ; Harnack, A., (History of Dogma' (Vol. IV, Boston 1898) ; (The Nicene Fathers' (ed. by Schaff and Wace, Vol. III, New York 1892).