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Thirlwall

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THIRLWALL, therrwal, Connop, English prelate and historian: b. Stepney, Middlesex, 11 Jan. 1797; d. Bath, 27 July 1875. He was edu cated at the Charter-house and at Trinity Col lege, Cambridge, where he obtained a Fellow ship. He afterward studied for the law and was called to the bar in 1825. Having ex changed the law for the church he was ordained in 1828, and some years after received the living of Kirby Underdale, in Yorkshire. Here he added to his pastoral duties a variety of literary labors. The first of his works, pub lished by himself (his father had previously issued a number of essays and poems written by him in extreme youth), was a translation of Schleiermacher's 'Gospel of Saint Luke,' to which he prefixed an introduction. This work appeared anonymously in 1825. His next work was a translation of the first two volumes of Niebuhr's 'History of Rome,' with Archdeacon Hare (1828-31). Then followed the work to which he chiefly owes his reputation, his 'His tory of Greece,' the first edition of which ap peared in Lardner's 'Cabinet Cyclopmdia,) in eight volumes, between 1835 and 1844. It was well received, and before the appearance of Grote's history (the first two volumes of which were published in 1846) was without a rival in the English language. Grote himself praises it

for the learning, sagacity and candor it dis plays, and said that if it had appeared a few years earlier he should probably never have conceived the design of his own work. In 1840 Thirlwall was presented by Lord Melbourne to the Welsh bishopric of Saint David's, which he resigned a little more than a year before his death. He was for a time one of the editors of the Cambridge 'Philological Museum,' and during the closing years of his life was a mem ber of the committee for the revision of the Old Testament. He was one of the bishops who spoke and voted for Gladstone's bill for the disestablishment of the Irish Church. Con sult Perowne, 'Remains, Literary and Theo logical, of Connop Thirlwall' (London 1877 80) ; Thirlwall, 'Essays, Speeches, and Ser mons' (18811) ; Stanley, 'Thirlwall's Letters to a Friend' (London 1882) ; Morgan, 'Four Bio graphical Sketches' (1892); 'Old Friends at Cambridge and Elsewhere' (1900).