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school, womans and college

THOBURN, Isabella, American missionary and educator: b. near Saint Clairsville, Ohio, 29 March 1840; d. Lucicnow, India, 1 Sept. 1901. She came of Scotch-Irish parentage. She was educated in the Wheeling Female Seminary, supplemented by a year in the study of art at the Cincinnati Academy of Design. After teaching in the public schools for several years, she spent a year as an instructor in a private school at New Castle, Pa., and, in 1866, became preceptress of the Western Reserve Seminary at West Farmington, Ohio. In 1869, at the or ganization of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, she was selected as its first missionary, being assigned to work in India, whither her brother, James M. Thoburn (q.v.), had gone 10 years before. In April 1870 she organized a school for native girls at Lucknow with but six pupils and .herself as the only teacher. She also en gaged in evangelistic, Sunday school and zenana work. The grade of the school thus established

was gradually raised as its attendance increased until a full high school course was offered. In response to a demand for still more ad vanced courses of instruction, classes in the lower collegiate grades were offered in 1887 and, in 1895, after having complied with the rigid requirements of the British Indian gov ernment, it was granted a charter as the Luck now Woman's College. Climatic conditions, which seriously impaired her health, necessi tated several extended furloughs, the years 1880-82, 1886-90 and 1899-1900 being spent in America, though they were years filled with activity m behalf of the cause to which her life had been devoted. The name of the Lucknow Woman's College was subsequently changed to that of the Isabella Thoburn Woman's College. Consult Thoburn, Bishop J. M., 'Life of Isa bella Thoburn.'