Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 26 >> Thacher to The Cualnge Tam B6 >> Thompson_2

Thompson

john, sir, minister and justice

THOMPSON, Sts John David Sparrow, Canadian jurist and for some time Premier of the Dominion: b. Halifax, 10 Nov. 1844; d. Windsor, England, 12 Dec. 1894. His father, who had come from Waterford, Ireland, held the office of queen's printer. Thompson was educated at the common school, Halifax, and was called to the bar in that city in 1865. He joined the Roman Catholic Church in 1871. After holding several municipal offices, he was elected to the Nova Scotia assembly for Antig onish (1877). His success at the bar earned him the dignity of queen's counsel in 1879. He was attorney-general in 1878 and premier of the province in 1879. After the defeat of his government in the same year Thompson was made a judge of the Supreme Court of Nova Scotia. This position he resigned to accept the portfolio of Minister of Justice in Sir John A. Macdonald's Cabinet (1885), entering the Do minion Parliament as member for Antigonish. He remained Minister of Justice until 1892, dis tinguishing himself by his oratorical power and his untiring industry. In 1887 he visited Wash ington as one of the commissioners on the fisheries question. The honor of knighthood was conferred on him in August 1888. Sir John again visited Washington as one of the representatives of his government in the unsuc cessful reciprocity negotiations of 1891 and 1892. He is understood to have been of fered the position of Premier on the death of Sir John A. Macdonald (1891), but preferred

to remain as Minister of Justice under the leadership of Sir J. J. C. Abbott. On the re tirement of the latter (December 1892) Sir John Thompson became Prime Minister. His incessant Parliamentary labors rapidly under mined his health and brought about his death under singularly tragic circumstances. Visiting England in 1894 to be sworn in as a member of the privy council, he expired suddenly of syncope almost immediately after the ceremony. Consult Hopkins, and Work of the Rt. Hon. Sir John Thompson' (Toronto 1895).

THOMPSON,John Reuben, American journalist and poet: b. Richmond, Va., 23 Oct.

1823; d. 30 Oct. 1873. He was graduated from the University of Virginia in 1844; practised law in Richmond in 1847, but soon entered on a literary career and for 12 years edited the Southern Literary Messenger to which Donald G. Mitchell contributed his 'Reveries of a Bachelor.' Ill health caused his removal to Augusta, Ga., where in 1859 he edited the Field and Fireside magazine. Driven to London by events of the Civil War he actively defended the Confederacy in contributions to English magazines. At the close of the war he returned to America and became editor of the New York Evening Post. He was author of several poems which were popular at the time.