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Thomson

college, professor and natural

THOMSON, Sia Charles Wyville, Scot tish naturalist: b. Bonsyde, Linlithgow, 5 March 1830; d. there, 10 March 1882. He was edu cated at the University of Edinburgh, where he took the medical course and showed great ability in botany and natural history. He was appointed lecturer on botany in King's College, Aberdeen, in 1850 and professor at Marischal College in 1851. He filled the chair of natural history in Queen's College, Cork, in 1853 and in 1854 went to Queen's College, Belfast, as professor of mineralogy and geology. In 1860 he was transferred to the chair of natural science in the same college and in 1868 became in addition professor of botany in the Royal College of Science at Dublin. He returned to Scotland in 1870 to become professor of natural history in the University of Edinburgh. He took an active part in the scientific investiga tion of the British seas by the Lightning and Porcupine expeditions and published 'The Depth of the Sea' (1873). He was appointed in 1872 chief of the scientific staff of the Chal lenger Expedition (q.v.), and on its return in 1876 was knighted. In Voyage of the Challenger: the Atlantic' (1877) he gave a general account of part of the investigations carried out on the famous voyage.

Edward, American Metho dist Episcopal bishop: b. Portsea, England, 12 Oct. 1810; d. Wheeling, W. Va., 22 March 1870. He came to the United States in 1819, was graduated in medicine at the University of Pennsylvania in 1829 and practised in Jerome ville and Wooster, Ohio. In 1832 he united with the Methodist Church and in the following year was admitted into the Ohio Conference. He was pastor of a church in Detroit, Mich., in 1836 and in 1838-43 was principal of the Nor walk Seminary. He was the first president of the Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, in 1846-60, and in 1864 he was elected bishop, in which office he continued until his death. He edited the Ladies' Repository at Cincinnati 1844-46, the Christian Advocate and Journal, New York 1860-64, made a missionary tour of the world and published 'Moral and Religious Essays) (1856) 'Sketches, Biographical and Incidental> (1856) ; 'Our Oriental Missions' (1870) ; (Evidences of Revealed Religion' (1872), and other works.