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THORPE, thorp, Francis Newton, Ameri can author and jurist: b. Swampscott, Mass., 16 April 1857. He was educated at Lake Shore Seminary, at Syracuse University (Ph.D., 1883; LL.D., 1907). He was Fellow and professor of American constitutional his tory of the University of Pennsylvania (1885 98) and University of Pennsylvania Law School (1N5-86); has been professor of politi cal science and constitutional law, University of Pittsburgh, since 1910. Mr. Thorpe is au thor of 'The Story of the Constitution (1891) ; 'A Constitutional History of the American People, 1776-1850' (2 vols., 1898); 'The Con stitutional History of the United States, 1765 1895' (3 vols., 1901); Social and Industrial History of the American People' (1901) ; History of the United States for Schools' (1902); 'A Short Constitutional History of the United States' (1904); 'The Civil War: The National View' (1906); 'History: The Career of Man on the Earth' (1909) ; 'The Govern ment of the People of the United States' (1889); 'A Course in Civil Government' (1894) ; 'The Government of Pennsylvania' (1894) ; 'The Constitution of the United States With Bibliography for Students of Political Science' (1894) ; (The Statesmanship of An drew Jackson' (1909); (The Federal and State Constitutions, Colonial Charters and Other Or ganic Laws of the States, Territories and Col onies Now or Heretofore Forming the United States of America' (7 vols., published by Act

of Congress, 1909); 'Benjamin Franklin and the University of Pennsylvania' (1893); 'Franklin's Influence in American Education' (1903); Home and the Household' (1910) ; 'Business' (1910) ; (William Pepper, M.D., LLD., Provost of the University of Pennsylvania' (1904) ; 'William Hickling Pres cott' (in "Studies of Great Authors,' 1899); 'The Spoils of Empire' (1903); 'The Divining Rod' (1905) ; American Fruit-Farm: Its Selection and Management for Pleasure and for Profit' (1915) ; Essentials of Ameri can Constitutional Law' (1917), etc.