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Tientsin

venice, river, city and peking

TIENTSIN, China, a city and treaty port in the province of Chili, situated on the Peiho River 70 miles by water from its mouth in the dull of Pechili. The old city is a square surrounded by walls and ditches and traversed by broad, straight streets. Two miles to the south lies the European quarter. Tientsin is southeast of Peking with which it is connected by rail and also with the Manchurian Railroad. It is the river port of the capital, although large ves sels cannot ascend the river. Its position at the northern terminus of the Grand Im perial Canal, however, makes it one of the principal trade centres of the empire. The total volume of imports amounted (1916) to about $59,017,093, of which more than one-third represented imports from foreign countries; exports totaled $34,097,085. Tientsin was be sieged by a detachment of Taiping rebels in 1853. The Taiping army was on the way to Peking, and the defeat at Tientsin saved the capital from attack. In June 1900, during the Boxer troubles, Tientsin was occupied, after severe fighting, by the allied troops. Pop. es timated at 800,000. See CHINA.

TIEPOLO, Giovanni Battista, ("IL Tir.PoLErro"), Italian painter: b. San Piero di Castello, near Venice, 5 April 1696; d. Madrid, 22 March 1770. He was a pupil of Gregory Lazzarini and followed as closely as he could in the footsteps of Paul Veronese, whose style he reproduced in numerous wall and ceiling pictures. Many churches and pal

aces of Venice were decorated by his hand. In 1750 he was summoned to Wfirzburg, where for three years he worked in the arch bishop's palace on the wall paintings in fresco (Olympus,' (Four Quarters of the Earth,' and (Life of Frederick Barbarossa.) In 1754 he returned to Venice as director of the Art Academy. In 1763 King Charles III sum moned him to Spain to decorate the royal palace. Here he painted of Vulcan,' 'Apotheosis of Spain' and the ceiling frescoes and her Provinces.' He was the last great master of the Venetian school. His coloring was superb, and his designs spiritual and expressive even when the drawing was incorrect. Among Tiepolo's easel pictures may be named in the Garden' ; (Adoration of the Kings' (Imperial Gallery, Vienna); (After the Bath' (Berlin Museum); (Immacu late Conception' (Vicenza and Madrid). Many of his altar pieces are in the churches of Venice. A few of his paintings are in the Metropolitan Museum, New York. Consult Chennevieres, H. de, (Les (Paris 1898) ; Gheltof, Urbanide, (Tiepolo in Ispagna' (Venice 1881); Molmenti, P. G., (G. B. Tie polo' (Milan 1910) ; in Art' (Vol. VI, Boston 1907).