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Tillotson

english, accepted and london

TILLOTSON, til'ot-sOn, John, English prelate, archbishop of Canterbury: b. Sowerby, Yorkshire, October 1630; d. 22 Nov. 1694. His father, a strict Calvinist, brought up his son in the same principles. He was graduated at Cam bridge and elected a Fellow of Clare Hall in 1651. In 1666 appeared his 'Rule of Faith,' a reply to a work by John Sergeant, an English clergyman, who had become a convert to the Catholic faith. In 1670 he became prebendary of Canterbury. When Charles II, in 1672, issued a declaration for liberty of conscience for the purpose of favoring the Roman Catho lics, he preached strongly against it, but was, nevertheless, advanced to the deanery of Can terbury, and three years after (1675) presented to a prebend in Saint Paul's. On the accom plishment of the revolution he was talcen into favor by King William, and in 1689 he was ap pointed dean of Saint Paul's. On the suspension of Archbishop Sancroft as a non-iuror he was appointed to exercise the archiepiscopal juris diction, and in 1691 accepted the archbishopric itself. He had previously formed an abortive scheme for the comprehension of the Presby terians within the Church, and had also failed in another design for forming a new book of homilies. When, therefore, he accepted the

primacy, a large party assailed him with great animosity. He bore these attacks in silence, and even prevented some prosecutions for libel against him, directed by the Crown. He was also charged with Socinianism ; in answer to which he republished four of his sermons on the (Incarnation and Divinity of Our Saviour.) The only class to whom he did not show a mild and tolerant spirit was the Roman Catholics, toward whom he had a strong aversion. Tillot son's serrnons were for half a century the most popular of that class of compositions in the English language but have since fallen into neglect and even disesteem. In other respects than that of style they are generally commended for benignity of spirit rather than depth or richness of thought. An edition of his sermons was published by his chaplain, Dr. Ralph Barker (14 vols., London 1695-1704). Consult also Birch, Thomas, (Life> (London 1752).