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TINTORETTO, Jacopo Ro busti, son of a dyer (Italian, tintore), whence his usual surname, Italian painter: b. Venice, 16 Sept. 1518; d. there, 31 May 1594. He was a pupil of Titian, but was soon dismissed by his master, perhaps through fear of rivalry. He thereupon worked without a master, taking as his ideal in painting a union of the design of Michelangelo with the coloring of Titian. He painted with such extraordinary facility and ra pidity as to gain the epithet °II Furioso.° An nibate Carracci said that he was sometimes equal to Titian, often inferior to Tintoretto. He treated Scripture subjects in a perfectly natural istic spirit, but at times this became decidedly coarse. Ruskin estimates Tintoretto very highly, and places him among the supreme painters. The greater number of his works are to be found in his native city, and of these the following may be named: In the Palace of the Doges: 'Paradise,' the largest oil-paint ing in the world, with a very large number of figures; 'The Delivery of the Doge's Insignia to Niccole da Ponte' ; 'Recapture of Zara); 'Forge of Vulcan); 'Mercury with the Graces); 'Minerva driving back Mars); (Descent from the Cross); etc. In the Academy: (Saint Mark

descending to the Rescue of a Condemned Christian Slave); 'Adoration of the Kings) • etc. In the church of Madonna dell' Orto: (The'Last Judgment) •, 'Adoration of the Golden Calf); (Miracle of Saint Agnes,' and (Presentation in the Temple.) The Uffizi gallery at Florence contains some of his works, including (Abra ham's Sacrifice) and a (Marriage at Cana); and the Pitti Palace contains among others, a 'Descent from the Cross); (Vulcan with Venus and Cupid,) and a 'Madonna.) The Prado Museum at Madrid is rich in works by Tinto retto, among them being many portraits; and others are to be seen in the National Gallery at London ((Saint George Destroying the Dragon); (Christ Washing the Feet of His Disciples)), Berlin, Dresden, Vienna, Paris, etc. Consult Ruslcin, (Stones of Venice); (Modern Painters); etc.; Osler, (Tintoretto) (1879) ; Stearns, (Jacopo Robusti) (1895); and the (Lives) by Bonsusan (1907) and Philipps (1911).