Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 26 >> Thrace to Topeka >> Tlaxcala

Tlaxcala

city, miles and time

TLAXCALA, tlas-lcola, or TLASCALA, Mexico, the smallest state in the republic, situ ated between the states of Puebla, Hidalgo and Mexico. Area, 1,534 square miles. The capital, Tlaxcala, located about 60 miles east of Mexico City, was in ancient time a large city, but its 1919 population is only 2,800. It has a bishop's palace and a statehouse that retains much of their former grandeur. The holy well of Ocot lan, in the suburbs, is covered by a costly and imposing sanctuary. The state lies within the plateau region, and its surface is broken by high mountains. The principal occupations are agriculture and some manufacture of cloth, though iron and silver are found in the moun tains. Tlaxcala was at the time of the Discov ery, a powerful native state which had main tained its independence of the Aztecs. It be came an ally of Cortes and retained its own government for a time under the Spaniards. Pop. about 192,000, almost all Indians.

TLEMCgN, tlem-sen% Algeria, in the prov ince of Oran, 70 miles southwest of the city of Oran, and 30 miles from the Mediterranean. It is a walled town with nine gates, and is divided into three sections, namely, the citadel and military establishment; the business por tion, containing the residences of foreigners; and the native section. The town stands on a mountain slope at an elevation of 2,500 feet, amid olive-groves and vineyards. It has 32 mosques, Protestant and Catholic churches, a museum and Jewish synagogue. The manufac tures comprise textiles, carpets and leather articles, burnooses, etc. Trade is important, especially with Morocco. It is a historic city, some of the mosques dating from the 11th cen tury. At the height of its prosperity, in the 13th and 14th centuries, it is reputed to have had 125,000 population. Pop. 39,874.