SURICATE, or MEERKAT, a South African civet (Suricata tridactyla), which dif fers from typical viverrines in several points, notably in having only four toes on each foot. It is dark brown and has dark transverse stripes on the rear of its back. The body and head reach a length of 12 or 13 inches, the tail six inches and the animal has a general resemblance to a small raccoon, but the tail is more cat like. It lives in caves and rock-caverns or sometimes digs burrows. It is diurnal, lives mainly on roots and barks like a dog. Consult Martin, (Home Life on an Ostrich Farm' (New York 1903).
SURIGAO, Philippines, (1) Town, capital of the province of Surigao, Min danao, on the extreme north coast of the island of Mindanao. This district was the site of the first Spanish mission in the Philippines; in 1879 a series of earthquakes caused the ground in the neighborhood of the town to sink two feet and many of the government buildings were endered uninhabitable for a time. The chief industries are the gathering and export of pearl shells and trepang and the placer mining of gold. Pop. 7,749.
(2) Province, island of Mindanao, occupy ing the northeastern part of the island; area, 6,988 square miles. The principal dependent island is Dinagat, lying off the north coast; it is mountainous, heavily wooded and has deposits of gold ; area, 387 square miles ; the sec ond island in importance is Siargao (q.v.),190
square miles. The mainland of the province is traversed by two mountain ranges, extend ing from north to south, one near the east coast, the other forming the western boundary; spurs of these ranges extend in both directions. The central valley is drained by the Agusan River, one of • the finest in the Philippines. Cotton, hemp, rice, sugar, tobacco, indigo, etc., are cul tivated; the cocoanut, betel nut and betel pepper are grown for export. Gold is found in the mountains and in the sands of the mountain streams and is mined; the forests are valuable, and gums and resins are obtained in large quan tities; fishing is an important industry, and there is some weaving of native fabrics for home use. There are few roads, the communi cation is by sea or by the rivers and lakes of the central valley. Civil government was es tablished in the province in May 1901, but the jurisdiction of the provincial government does not extend to the non-Christian tribes. Pop. 115,112.