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or Palm-Wine Toddy

sap, india, palm and drink

TODDY, or PALM-WINE, a drink made in tropical countries from the sap of various palms, especially when in a fermented state. The word is of Hindustani origin and is gen erally applied in India to the substance used as yeast to leaven bread. In the Malayan Archi pelago, toddy is the sweet juice of the flower sheaths of Arenga saccharif era. In Brazil the majestic buriti, or murichi palm (q.v.), is felled, and cavities are dug in the stem in which to collect the sap, from which a fermented liquor is made. This has led to the use of the name of wine-palm for this tree. The spadix of the useful Nita frutescens yields toddy which is changed into vinegar by one process, into arrack by another and may also be con verted into a delicious syrup, thick, frothy and clear, with a slightly saline flavor. Sugar is made from this syrup by evaporation. The toddy or jaggery-palm (Caryota urens), a palm crowned by drooping bipinnate leaves, with wedge-shaped leaflets, furnishes a similar sap when the flowering stems are cut. This, like that of the nips, can be boiled down into syrup and will yield a coarse brown sugar known as jaggery or goor. The sap is fermented for the toddy and further distilled for arrack. The cocoanut (Cocos nucifera), the Palmyra palm (Borassus flabelliformis), the date (Phoenix dactylifera), and the wild date (Phoenix sylvestris), all yield toddy in India, the latter being grown extensively in Bengal, for the sake of this drink and the sugar extracted from it; it is said that the sap can be induced to flow from the upper portion of the stem for many years. The West Africans make their toddy

from Raphia vine era.

The word toddy was applied by the Scots to a drink made of whisky and hot water, sweetened. Burns uses the term in The Holy Fair.> Whisky and cold water, properly called grog, is also known by this name. Toddy-Cat is the name given in southern India to the palm-civet on account of its alleged fondness for palm-juice.

a swallow-shrike (Arta mus fuscus) of India and Ceylon. :t is about seven inches long, of dusky plumage and is most abundant in wooded districts, especially where palm trees abound, more particularly the Palmyra or toddy palm, from which it takes several of its popular names.

one of the civets (Paradoxu rus typus), common throughout the greater part of India, Ceylon, Burma and the Malayan region, which dwells mainly in the Palmyra or toddy See TODDY.