TRENTON, N. J., city, capital of the State, county-seat of Mercer County, on the Dela ware River, and on the Delaware and Raritan Canal, on the Philadelphia and Reading and the Pennsylvania railroads, about 59 miles south west of New York City and 29 miles northeast of Philadelphia. It is in lat. 40° 14' N., long. 74° 46' 30" W. It is at the head of navigation in the Delaware River, and a falls here yields water power. The ground area is nine square miles, and there are about 230 miles of streets. Two bridges cross the Delaware and connect with Pennsylvania.
Manufacturing.— Among the large indus trial establishments there are 34 engaged in the manufacture of pottery products, including vitrified china, Belleek china, semi-porcelain, common china, and white granite; also sanitary earthenware, electrical specialties, porcelain bath tubs, vitrified and decorative tiles, terra cotta, drain-pipe and brick. These have made Trenton pottery famous all over the world. Nearly all the clay and all of the coal used in the pottery industry is brought to Trenton. The value of the products amounts to about $7,000,000 per annum, though they have run as high as $12,000,000. Trenton's iron industries (the great works of the John A. Roebling's Sons Company, manufacturing metal wire rope, fire-proof wire, lath, cables, etc., are here) and machine shops produce $5,000,000 per annum. There are 16 rubber works, making a great variety of products, and having sales approxi mating $30,000,000 each year. Other important manufactures are crackers, school and church furniture works, watches, oil cloth, tobacco goods, carriages and wagons. There are also anvil works, flint and spar mills, lumber yards and fertilizer works. There are about 70 dif ferent industries, comprising 540 concerns, representing approximately $50,000,000 capital. There are a total of 3,500 business places in the city.
Public Buildings.— The principal public buildings are the State capitol, the United States government building, municipal and county buildings, opera house, State prison, insane hospital, State home for girls, city library with 40,000 volumes, three hospitals, State arsenal and the Y. M. C. A. building. The
Battle Monument, commemorating the battle of Trenton, is conspicuously located, and bears a bronze figure of Washington. The city has a large number of fine church and school build ings and business houses.
Churches and Charities.—The churches and missions in the city number about 75. There are about 15,000 Roman Catholics, 5,000 Methodists, 3,500 Presbyterians, 4,000 Bap tists and 2,000 Episcopalians. The members of the Society of Friends, Orthodox and Hicksite, once a power in the community, have dwindled to less than 100. There is a State asylum for the insane, three large hospitals, a Children's Home, the Widows and Single Women's Home, and a number of smaller benevolent and chari table institutions.
Education,— Trenton has a number of noted educational institutions, among which are the State normal and model schools, the State school for deaf-mutes, an industrial school for girls, a large high school, 34 public elementary and primary schools, a school of industrial arts, one Roman Catholic college, eight parish schools,, one academy, business colleges and sev eral private schools. Educational classes are conducted under the auspices of the Young Men's Christian Association. There is a free public library, a beautiful white marble build ing, containing about 75,000 volumes; the State library and several school libraries.
Banks and Finances.— There are eight banks; the combined capital of the three national banks is $1,250,000; the deposits of all except two private banks are $16,622,740. The real estate of Trenton is assessed at over $70, 000,000. The cost of city maintenance each year is about $1,650,000. The chief items of expenditure are, for schools, $500,000; for police department, $180,000; for fire depart ment, $170,000; for lighting, $75,000.