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N Y Troy

hudson, city, miles, canal, york, government and arsenal

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TROY, N. Y., city, county-seat of Rens selaer 'County, on the east bank of the Hud son, 150 miles north of New York, 191 miles west of Boston, 235 miles south of Montreal, Canada, and 296 miles east of Buffalo. It is at the head of tidewater navigation on the Hudson River, and the New York State Barge Canal system has its main outlet opposite the city. Through the State Barge Canal, Troy has connection with the Great Lakes and the North west, while the Champlain branch of the canal gives an opening to Canadian territory. Steam ers and barges ply regularly between Troy and New York and the intervening cities. The United States has spent large sums of money in improving the channel in the river so the larger vessels for the new canal system have no difficulty in reaching the canal. The steam railroads operating in Troy are the New York Central, the Delaware and Hudson, the Boston and Maine and the Rutland. There are also long-distance trolley roads, some of them main taining freight service, that extend through the Hudson Valley to Lake George on the north; through the Mohawk Valley on the west; south through the Hudson Valley and eastward to the manufacturing villages along the Wynantskill Creek, a distance of 12 miles. These transpor tation facilities give Troy great advantages as a manufacturing and distributing point, so there are built up opposite the city, not half a mile from its borders, but not included in its population, the cities of Watervliet and Cohoes and the villages of Waterford and Green Is land. With those places Troy is connected by bridges over the Hudson River, there being Tour. There is a modern steel bridge across the Hudson at Congress street, which carries foot passengers, vehicles and street cars. Built as a toll bridge, the State of New York ac quired it under condemnation proceedings.

Trade and Manufactures.— Troy ranks ninth in population among the cities of the State, but fifth in industries. The chief manufactures are collars and cuffs — about 90 per cent of all the collars and cuffs made in the United States are made in Troy. So great has this industry become in this city that special ma chinery has been invented for it and is manu factured here. It has an extensive system of laundries, and for this industry special ma chinery has also been invented and is manu factured in this city. It is noted for its

high grade of merchant iron; its valves and hydrants (valves of 96 inches inside diameter are now made here). Other manu factures are stoves, knit goods, paper, cars, electrical machinery, mechanical and engineering instruments, bells, paints, clay products, floor cloths, brushes, tobacco, ci gars, carriages, scales, currency ink, horseshoes, ranges, hydrover tractors, .blowers and fans, fishline, twine, shirtwaists, cotton waste, knit goods, shirts, thermometers, stamped tinware, metal stove-front bars, marine engines, beaded bag's, anchor chains, etc. The famous machine made horseshoe invented by Henry Burden is manufactured here. He also made the largest over-shot water-wheel yet made in America. It is .60 feet in diameter. The guns for coast de fense of the United States are made at the government arsenal at Watervliet, opposite Troy. Troy and its environs are now under going a great industrial expansion, the first definite movement of this sort in the recent his tory of the city. During the war, the Watervliet arsenal was enlarged until it became the largest government arsenal in the world for the produc tion of heavy ordnance. The arsenal is being enlarged to provide in peace times the nucleus for adapting ordinary industries to the produc tion of ordnance in war periods in addition to its own production. This is an advanced step in government policy. Open hearth steel and pro ducer gas plants are being erected and the city and district seem destined to obtain their former high standing as an iron and steel centre. The most significant development is the purchase of the northern end of Green Island by Henry Ford and Son of Detroit, as a site for a steel factory and farm tractor plant to be operated largely by power from the government dam across the Hudson at Troy. In addition to its great collar and shirt factories, Troy has be come important for the manufacture of women's shirtwaists. There is a State dam across the Hudson at Troy and factories are operated by the power here obtained. There is considerable water power on the Wynantskill and Poestenkill creeks; each stream has a fall of about 200 feet in the hills east of the city.

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