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governor, andros and england

TREAT, Robert, American soldier and statesman : b. Pitminster, near Taunton, Somer set, England, 1622; d. Milford, Conn., 12 July 1710. He came to Massachusetts in 1635, re moved to Wethersfield Conn., in 1637, settled at Milford in 1649, was assistant to the gov ernor in 1657-65, represented Milford in the general assembly of New Haven colony in 1653-59, and from 1659 to 1664 was, with a year's exception, a member of the governor's council. Repeatedly elected magistrate of Mil ford, he was ordered at the Restoration to ap prehend Whalley and Golfe, the regicides, who were secreted there; but he appears to have postponed issuing a writ of search until they were beyond his jurisdiction. He was again made a deputy in 1663, but in 1666 went with a company of planters to found Newark, N. J. (q.v.), where he remained until about 1671, when he returned to Connecticut, becoming in 1673 a member of its council of war. In 1675, with the rank of major, he commanded the Con necticut force which defeated the Indian be siegers of Springfield and Hadley, Mass.; and in November of that year was appointed second in command to Governor Winslow in the New England forces in the field. (See COLONIAL

WARS Ix AMERICA, King Philip's War). For his services he was made deputy-governor of Connecticut in 1676. In 1683, upon the death of Governor Leete (q.v.) he became governor. In December 1686 Andros (q.v.) landed at Boston, with commission as royal governor of all New England, and he quickly set about at tempting to abrogate the Connecticut charter. The general assembly met in October 1687, and Andros appeared with about 60 regular troops to enforce his demand. He did not get the charter; why, the records prudently omitted to explain. Tradition has an account (see CHARTER OAK), for the impeachment of which Johnston fails to discover good grounds. Treat yielded to superior force, and Andros' com mission having been read, was made a member of the council for New England. After the deposition of Andros in 1689, Treat resumed his duties, and continued in office until 1698, when he refused re-election. For 10 years more however, he was deputy-governor. Con sult Johnston, 'Connecticut' ('American Com monwealths) series, 1887).