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TRENCH, Richard Chenevix, Irish prel ate, archbishop of Dublin ; b. Dublin, 9 Sept.

1807, d. London, 28 March 1886. He was edu cated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cam bridge, where he was graduated in 1829. His college friends included Tennyson, Hallam, Maurice,. Sterling and Kemble. Ordained in 1832, he became curate at Hadleigh, in Suffolk, in the following year. He took priest's orders in 1835, and held the curacy of Curdridge, Hampshire, during 1835-41. After a few years as curate at Alverstoke, in Hants, he obtained the rectory of Itchenstoke, in 1844. He became examining chaplain to Bishop Wilberforce of Oxford in 1845, and professor of divinity in King's College, London, the next year. The latter post was held by him till 1858, and during 1856-63 he was dean of Westminster. He was consecrated archbishop of Dublin on the first day of 1864. He resisted the disestablishment proposals of Gladstone, but accepted the new conditions loyally. He resigned the see in 1884. He was buried in Westminster Abbey.

Trench was known as a poet by many sonnets, lyrics and other verses published in the follow ing, among other volumes: 'The Story of Justin Martyr, and other Poems' (1835) ; 'Poems from Eastern Sources' (1842). His contribu tions subjects include "(The Study of Words> (1851) ; 'English, Past and Pres ent> (1855) ; and 'A Select Glossary of Eng lish Words> (1859). His Biblical and theolog ical works comprise 'Notes on the Parables of our Lord' (1841) ; 'Exposition of the Sermon on the Mount> (1844) ; 'Christ the Desire of all Nations' (1846) ; 'Studies in the Gospels> (1867), and many volumes of sermons. He was a member of the committee for revising the New Testament. Among his other publica tions are 'Sacred Latin Poetry> (1849) ; Household Book of English Poetry> (1868) ; 'Plutarch: his Life, his Lives, and his Morals> (1873) ; and 'Lectures on Mediaeval Church History' (1877). Consult 'Letters and Memo rials of Richard Chenevix Trench' (1888).