Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 27 >> Siam to The Growth And Con >> Treves


roman and city

TREVES, trevz (Fr. tray; Ger. TRIER, trer), Prussia, a town of the Rhine province, situated on the Moselle, six miles from. the boundary of Luxemburg and 25 miles northeast of the city of Luxemburg. Outside of southern France no city of Europe north of the Alps con tains so many and so well preserved remains from the Roman period as Treves. There are a large amphitheatre built by Trajan, an old Ro man gate, the *Black Gate,* large and magnifi cent Roman baths in one of the suburbs, the picturesque ruins of a palace of the Roman emperors, an old church, originally a Roman administrative -building, and several other Ro man buildings in the surroundings of the city. Portions of the cathedral and the foundations of the bridge across the Moselle are also Roman. The cathedral guards the Holy Mantle, believed to be the shroud in which Christ's body was wrapped. The provincial museum also has a

rich collection of antiquities. The municipal library contains over 100,000 volumes. The in dustries are very varied, the most important being iron foundries, textiles, furniture, tan ning, dyeing and joinery. In the neighborhood are lead and copper mines and gypsum quarries. Treves is one of the most ancient towns of central Europe. It was originally the capital of a Gallic tribe called Treviri. During the 4th century it was often the residence of the Roman emperors, and later it became the seat of the powerful archbishops of Treves. who had tem poral sway over a considerable territory. In 1794 the territory came under French control, and it was made capital of the department of Sarre. With the fall of Napoleon it passed to Prussia. Pop. of the commune about 47,000.