TROLLOPE, Anthony; English novelist: b. London, 24 April 1815: d. Harting in Sussex, 6 Dec. 1882. He was a son of Thomas Anthony Trollope, a barrister at the law, by Frances, daughter to William Milton, an English clergy man. His mother afterward ,became well known in letters. Soon after the birth of this child, the Trollopes settled on a farm — the Orley Farm of one of the novels — at Harrow, where the boy was later nut to school. As a poor day boarder, he was persecuted by the masters and scholars of this famous school, and learned nothing there except a little Latin and Greek. In 1834, he obtained a clerkship in the general post office at London. After seven years' serv ice, carelessly performed, he was appointed clerk to one of the post office surveyors in Ireland. This position, which kept him in the open air, proved most congenial. In order to increase his income, after his marriage in June 1844, to Miss Rose Heseltine of Rotherham, Yorkshire, Trollope turned his Irish ex periences into fiction. 'The Macdermots of Ballycloran' (1847), and 'The Kellys and the O'Kellys' (1848), however, were failures; nor would anybody read his historical novel called 'La Vendee' (1850). Because of his good work in Ireland, Trollope was selected in 1851 to reform the letter-carrier system in south west England. While strolling on a summer evening about the cathedral at Salisbury, the idea came to him of a novel in which should figure bishops, deans and archdeacons. En couraged by the success of 'The (1855), he went on with the wonderful cathe dral series, which includes, besides the first 'Barchester Towers' (1857) ; (Doctor (1858) ; Parsonage' (1861) ; 'The Small House at Allington) (1864), and 'The Last Chronicle of Barset' (1867). When he had finished, the imaginary Barsetshire was as well known as any shire in England. In the midst of this work he wrote several other novels almost if not quite as good, such as 'The Three Clerks' (1858) ; 'Orley Farm' (1862), and 'Can You Forgive Her?' (1864).
Various missions abroad in no wise interfered with his literary activity, for he could write as well in one place as in another. Early in 1858, he was sent to Egypt to make a postal treaty with the Pasha; and on his return he went out to the West Indies to inspect the postal system there. Before setting out on the latter trip he signed a contract for a book of travel, and when he returned it was complete. West Indies and the Spanish Main' (1859), the author regarded ((as the best book that has come from my pen." A sojourn of nine months in the United States resulted in (North America> (1862). After retiring from the post office-in 1866, Trollope visited Australia and South Africa, and published accounts of his travels. In the meantime novel after novel came from his pen. Cathedral life exhausted, he turned to the country gentleman, producing Knew He Was Right' (1869), a study ofjealousy; (The Vicar of Bullhampton' (1870), which caused a sensation; (The Way We Live Now' (1875), dealing with schemes for getting rich quickly, and other novels of the same general type. The next year he opened a new vein with (The Prime Minister,' the first of his political novels. In 1879 he published a biog raphy of Thackeray, with whom he had been associated on the Cornhill Magazine. After becoming almost the most prolific of English novelists he died, with the manuscript of novels in his desk, on 6 Dec. 1882 at Harting in Sus sex, which had been his home for two years. After suffering brief eclipse, Trollope has now come to be regarded as ranking perhaps next to Dickens as a great chronicler of English life and manners among the middle classes. Some what deficient in the artistic sense, he possessed wit, humor, pathos and a keen intelligence. See