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time, formerly and animals

TSCHUDI, choo'cle, JEGIDIUS or GILES, Swiss historian : b. Glarus, 5 Feb. 1505; d. there, 28 Feb. 1572. After receiving an education at Basel, Vienna, and Paris, he traveled for a time and served in the French army, 1536-44. He was the chief magistrate of Glarus in 1558, but on account of his opposition to the Ref ormation, the spread of which he attempted to suppress by force of arms, was banished in 1562. He was recalled in 1564 and spent his remaining years in arranging historical matter which he had collected. His 'Die uralt wahr haftig alpisch Rhetia' was published as early as 1538, but his chief works, the 'Schweizer chronik' or 'Chronicon lielvetiorum,' cover ing the time from 1100 to 1470 and the 'Besch reibung Galliae Comatw,' were not printed till 1734-36. Modern research has shown that his historical statements arc unreliable.

TSENG or MARQUIS TSENG. Chinese statesman: b. Hunan, 1837; d. 1890. He was appointed Minister to Great Britain and France in 1878, and in 1880 was given an embassy. at Saint Petersburg where he negotiated the treaty restoring Kulja to China. In 1::.5 he negotiated a convention with Great Britain in regard to the opium traffic.

In 1886 he returned to Peking and in 1887 was made vice-president of the board of revenue.

an African gadfly (Glos sina morsitans), noted for the deadly effect of its bite in many cases on warm-blooded animals, but which is regarded as usually harmless to man. It is about the size of a house-fly, brown, with a few yellow stripes across the abdomen. The symptoms of a bitten animal are at first those of a severe cold; the eyes, nose and mouth begin to run, the body then swells, while ema ciation sets in. The harm done does not result from a poison in the mouth of the fly, as formerly supposed, but from the communication to the blood of the victim of a microscopic blood parasite similar to that of Texas fever, which it has received from a diseased animal and carried to another. Tsetse-flies not them selves infected with parasites are thus harm less. Cattle and other animals which recover from the disease are usually immune, and at tain a similar immunity after residing for a time in South Africa. The great dread of this fly formerly entertained has, therefore, proved to be unjustified.