Home >> Encyclopedia Americana, Volume 27 >> Twelfth Night to United States And Macedo >> Typothete


united, name and city

TYPOTHET)E, a name given to a trade guild consisting of persons connected with the printing trades, both workmen and employers. In the year 1465 the Emperor Frederick III of Germany °permitted printers to wear gold and silver, and both the typographi and typothetm were honored by him with the privilege of bear ing coat-of-arms, and wearing armor. The shield of the typothetm bore an eagle with ex tended claws, and the open helmet was sur mounted by a crown.° The first use of the name in the United States was in 1863, when P. C. Baker of New York proposed the name for a society of employing printers in that city. The name was adopted, but the society did not survive long. In 1883 the Typothetx of the City of New York was resuscitated. From that city similar organizations spread all over the coun try, and in 1887 the United Typothetw of America was formed. Later the Printers Boards of Trade, mostly known as Franklin Clubs, were taken into the organization, and the title now is United Typothetx and Franklin Clubs of America. There are local Typothetze

in most of the large cities of the United States and Canada. The organization has ceased fighting actually against unionism, and confines its activities largely to trade education and im provement of conditions.

TYR, fir, in Norse mythology, the son of Odin, and the god of war and of renown. Ac cording to the Edda, he had hut one hand. When the Asa-gods persuaded the wolf Fenrir to allow himself to be bound with the Gleipnir. Tyr put his right hand in the wolf's mouth, as a pledge that he would be loosened; and when the gods refused to release him, the wolf hit off Tyr's hand to the wrist, which was called in consequence, Ulflithr, or the Wolf's Joint. In the twilight battle of the gods, he meets his death at the same time with his enemy, the monster dog Garmr.