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Uccello

latter, tribe and florence

UCCELLO, oo-chelle; (PAoLo DI Italian painter : b. Florence, 1397; d. there, 147 . He began as a goldsmith and worker in metal, assisting Lorenzo Ghiberti (q.v.) in the first pair of gates made by the latter for the bap tistery at Florence. His name of Uccello (<(Bircl))) was given to him from the number of birds he kept as models for his pictures. Among the few works of his which have survived is a heroic-sized equestrian figure of Sir John Hawk wood in the cathedral at Florence, painted in terra verde (q.v.). In the Louvre there is a picture of his which is principally interesting from the fact that it contains life-sized portraits of Giotto, Donatello, Brunelleschi, Manetti and Uccello himself. In S. Maria Novella is a num ber of frescoes depicting scenes from Genesis and his (Battle of San Romano' is preserved in the Uffizi. The Metropolitan Museum, New York, contains his (Man and Woman of Porti nari Family.' Consult Berenson, Bernhard, (Florentine Painters of the Renaissance' (3d ed., New York 1909).

UCHEAN, IA11E-an (adapted from Uchee or Yuchee), a linguistic stock of North Ameri can Indians who, in the 16th century, lived on both sides of the Savannah River as far as its mouth in South Carolina and Georgia. They

are supposed to be identical with the aCotifach iquio of De Soto's chroniclers, whose principal settlement was at the site of Silver Bluff on the Savannah, in Barnwell County, S. C. In 1729 a portion of the Yuchees, as the one sur viving member is called, left their old seats and settled among the Lower Creeks on Chattahoochee River, where they established three villages in the neighborhood; and later a Yuchee settlement is mentioned as exist ing on the Lower Tallapoosa, among the Upper Creeks. The tribe finally became practically a part of the Creek confederacy, and on the re moval of the latter to the Indian Territory the Yuchees went with them. The surviving members of the tribe are usually classed as Creeks, but while the latter are doubtless inter married with them, the Yuchccs are jealous of their name and tenacious of their position as a tribe.